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authorFrancesco Fusco <ffusco@redhat.com>2013-12-12 16:09:05 +0100
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2013-12-17 14:27:17 -0500
commit71ae8aac3e198c6f3577cb7ad3a17f6128e97bfa (patch)
tree38373f36de3cc5590720b3e2cc73b2e2a73b7e50
parent89e47d3b8a273b0eac21e4bf6d7fdb86b654fa16 (diff)
downloadlinux-71ae8aac3e198c6f3577cb7ad3a17f6128e97bfa.tar.gz
lib: introduce arch optimized hash library
We introduce a new hashing library that is meant to be used in the contexts where speed is more important than uniformity of the hashed values. The hash library leverages architecture specific implementation to achieve high performance and fall backs to jhash() for the generic case. On Intel-based x86 architectures, the library can exploit the crc32l instruction, part of the Intel SSE4.2 instruction set, if the instruction is supported by the processor. This implementation is twice as fast as the jhash() implementation on an i7 processor. Additional architectures, such as Arm64 provide instructions for accelerating the computation of CRC, so they could be added as well in follow-up work. Signed-off-by: Francesco Fusco <ffusco@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Graf <tgraf@redhat.com> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/hash.h7
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lib/hash.c88
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/hash.h9
-rw-r--r--include/linux/hash.h36
-rw-r--r--lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--lib/hash.c38
7 files changed, 180 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/hash.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/hash.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e8c58f88b1d4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/hash.h
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_HASH_H
+#define _ASM_X86_HASH_H
+
+struct fast_hash_ops;
+extern void setup_arch_fast_hash(struct fast_hash_ops *ops);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_HASH_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/Makefile b/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
index 992d63bb154f..eabcb6e6a900 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/Makefile
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ lib-$(CONFIG_SMP) += rwlock.o
lib-$(CONFIG_RWSEM_XCHGADD_ALGORITHM) += rwsem.o
lib-$(CONFIG_INSTRUCTION_DECODER) += insn.o inat.o
-obj-y += msr.o msr-reg.o msr-reg-export.o
+obj-y += msr.o msr-reg.o msr-reg-export.o hash.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_32),y)
obj-y += atomic64_32.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/hash.c b/arch/x86/lib/hash.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3056702e81fb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/hash.c
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+/*
+ * Some portions derived from code covered by the following notice:
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2013 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ *
+ * * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+ * the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+ * distribution.
+ * * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+ * contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+ * from this software without specific prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+ * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+ * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+ * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+ * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+ * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+ * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+ * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+ * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/hash.h>
+
+static inline u32 crc32_u32(u32 crc, u32 val)
+{
+ asm ("crc32l %1,%0\n" : "+r" (crc) : "rm" (val));
+ return crc;
+}
+
+static u32 intel_crc4_2_hash(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed)
+{
+ const u32 *p32 = (const u32 *) data;
+ u32 i, tmp = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len / 4; i++)
+ seed = crc32_u32(*p32++, seed);
+
+ switch (3 - (len & 0x03)) {
+ case 0:
+ tmp |= *((const u8 *) p32 + 2) << 16;
+ /* fallthrough */
+ case 1:
+ tmp |= *((const u8 *) p32 + 1) << 8;
+ /* fallthrough */
+ case 2:
+ tmp |= *((const u8 *) p32);
+ seed = crc32_u32(tmp, seed);
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return seed;
+}
+
+static u32 intel_crc4_2_hash2(const u32 *data, u32 len, u32 seed)
+{
+ const u32 *p32 = (const u32 *) data;
+ u32 i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+ seed = crc32_u32(*p32++, seed);
+
+ return seed;
+}
+
+void setup_arch_fast_hash(struct fast_hash_ops *ops)
+{
+ if (cpu_has_xmm4_2) {
+ ops->hash = intel_crc4_2_hash;
+ ops->hash2 = intel_crc4_2_hash2;
+ }
+}
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/hash.h b/include/asm-generic/hash.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..05cb3421ee7e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/hash.h
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+#ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_HASH_H
+#define __ASM_GENERIC_HASH_H
+
+struct arch_hash_ops;
+static inline void setup_arch_fast_hash(struct arch_hash_ops *ops)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_HASH_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/hash.h b/include/linux/hash.h
index f09a0ae4d858..bd1754c7ecef 100644
--- a/include/linux/hash.h
+++ b/include/linux/hash.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
*/
#include <asm/types.h>
+#include <asm/hash.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
/* 2^31 + 2^29 - 2^25 + 2^22 - 2^19 - 2^16 + 1 */
@@ -78,4 +79,39 @@ static inline u32 hash32_ptr(const void *ptr)
#endif
return (u32)val;
}
+
+struct fast_hash_ops {
+ u32 (*hash)(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed);
+ u32 (*hash2)(const u32 *data, u32 len, u32 seed);
+};
+
+/**
+ * arch_fast_hash - Caclulates a hash over a given buffer that can have
+ * arbitrary size. This function will eventually use an
+ * architecture-optimized hashing implementation if
+ * available, and trades off distribution for speed.
+ *
+ * @data: buffer to hash
+ * @len: length of buffer in bytes
+ * @seed: start seed
+ *
+ * Returns 32bit hash.
+ */
+extern u32 arch_fast_hash(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed);
+
+/**
+ * arch_fast_hash2 - Caclulates a hash over a given buffer that has a
+ * size that is of a multiple of 32bit words. This
+ * function will eventually use an architecture-
+ * optimized hashing implementation if available,
+ * and trades off distribution for speed.
+ *
+ * @data: buffer to hash (must be 32bit padded)
+ * @len: number of 32bit words
+ * @seed: start seed
+ *
+ * Returns 32bit hash.
+ */
+extern u32 arch_fast_hash2(const u32 *data, u32 len, u32 seed);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_HASH_H */
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index a459c31e8c6b..d0f79c547d97 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ obj-y += bcd.o div64.o sort.o parser.o halfmd4.o debug_locks.o random32.o \
bust_spinlocks.o hexdump.o kasprintf.o bitmap.o scatterlist.o \
gcd.o lcm.o list_sort.o uuid.o flex_array.o iovec.o clz_ctz.o \
bsearch.o find_last_bit.o find_next_bit.o llist.o memweight.o kfifo.o \
- percpu-refcount.o percpu_ida.o
+ percpu-refcount.o percpu_ida.o hash.o
obj-y += string_helpers.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_STRING_HELPERS) += test-string_helpers.o
obj-y += kstrtox.o
diff --git a/lib/hash.c b/lib/hash.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b89f06a2d606
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/hash.c
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+/* General purpose hashing library
+ *
+ * That's a start of a kernel hashing library, which can be extended
+ * with further algorithms in future. arch_fast_hash{2,}() will
+ * eventually resolve to an architecture optimized implementation.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2013 Francesco Fusco <ffusco@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright 2013 Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright 2013 Thomas Graf <tgraf@redhat.com>
+ * Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.0 (GPLv2)
+ */
+
+#include <linux/jhash.h>
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+
+static struct fast_hash_ops arch_hash_ops __read_mostly = {
+ .hash = jhash,
+ .hash2 = jhash2,
+};
+
+u32 arch_fast_hash(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed)
+{
+ return arch_hash_ops.hash(data, len, seed);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_fast_hash);
+
+u32 arch_fast_hash2(const u32 *data, u32 len, u32 seed)
+{
+ return arch_hash_ops.hash2(data, len, seed);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_fast_hash2);
+
+static int __init hashlib_init(void)
+{
+ setup_arch_fast_hash(&arch_hash_ops);
+ return 0;
+}
+early_initcall(hashlib_init);