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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-08-15 09:19:40 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-08-15 09:19:40 -0700
commit024b246ed24492d6c2ee14c34d742b137fce1b94 (patch)
tree428444950025503218c96b03c86f749403626dec /arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h
parent9419fc1c957d600093baaea247fef23cca3b4e93 (diff)
downloadlinux-024b246ed24492d6c2ee14c34d742b137fce1b94.tar.gz
alpha: move include/asm-alpha to arch/alpha/include/asm
Sam Ravnborg did the build-test that the direct header file move works, I'm just committing it. This is a pure move: mkdir arch/alpha/include git mv include/asm-alpha arch/alpha/include/asm with no other changes. Requested-and-tested-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h')
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h380
1 files changed, 380 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3f0c59f6d8aa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -0,0 +1,380 @@
+#ifndef _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H
+#define _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H
+
+#include <asm-generic/4level-fixup.h>
+
+/*
+ * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use
+ * the Alpha page table tree.
+ *
+ * This hopefully works with any standard Alpha page-size, as defined
+ * in <asm/page.h> (currently 8192).
+ */
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
+
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h> /* For TASK_SIZE */
+#include <asm/machvec.h>
+
+struct mm_struct;
+struct vm_area_struct;
+
+/* Certain architectures need to do special things when PTEs
+ * within a page table are directly modified. Thus, the following
+ * hook is made available.
+ */
+#define set_pte(pteptr, pteval) ((*(pteptr)) = (pteval))
+#define set_pte_at(mm,addr,ptep,pteval) set_pte(ptep,pteval)
+
+/* PMD_SHIFT determines the size of the area a second-level page table can map */
+#define PMD_SHIFT (PAGE_SHIFT + (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+#define PMD_SIZE (1UL << PMD_SHIFT)
+#define PMD_MASK (~(PMD_SIZE-1))
+
+/* PGDIR_SHIFT determines what a third-level page table entry can map */
+#define PGDIR_SHIFT (PAGE_SHIFT + 2*(PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+#define PGDIR_SIZE (1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
+#define PGDIR_MASK (~(PGDIR_SIZE-1))
+
+/*
+ * Entries per page directory level: the Alpha is three-level, with
+ * all levels having a one-page page table.
+ */
+#define PTRS_PER_PTE (1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+#define PTRS_PER_PMD (1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+#define PTRS_PER_PGD (1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+#define USER_PTRS_PER_PGD (TASK_SIZE / PGDIR_SIZE)
+#define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0
+
+/* Number of pointers that fit on a page: this will go away. */
+#define PTRS_PER_PAGE (1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_LARGE_VMALLOC
+#define VMALLOC_START 0xfffffe0000000000
+#else
+#define VMALLOC_START (-2*PGDIR_SIZE)
+#endif
+#define VMALLOC_END (-PGDIR_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * OSF/1 PAL-code-imposed page table bits
+ */
+#define _PAGE_VALID 0x0001
+#define _PAGE_FOR 0x0002 /* used for page protection (fault on read) */
+#define _PAGE_FOW 0x0004 /* used for page protection (fault on write) */
+#define _PAGE_FOE 0x0008 /* used for page protection (fault on exec) */
+#define _PAGE_ASM 0x0010
+#define _PAGE_KRE 0x0100 /* xxx - see below on the "accessed" bit */
+#define _PAGE_URE 0x0200 /* xxx */
+#define _PAGE_KWE 0x1000 /* used to do the dirty bit in software */
+#define _PAGE_UWE 0x2000 /* used to do the dirty bit in software */
+
+/* .. and these are ours ... */
+#define _PAGE_DIRTY 0x20000
+#define _PAGE_ACCESSED 0x40000
+#define _PAGE_FILE 0x80000 /* set:pagecache, unset:swap */
+
+/*
+ * NOTE! The "accessed" bit isn't necessarily exact: it can be kept exactly
+ * by software (use the KRE/URE/KWE/UWE bits appropriately), but I'll fake it.
+ * Under Linux/AXP, the "accessed" bit just means "read", and I'll just use
+ * the KRE/URE bits to watch for it. That way we don't need to overload the
+ * KWE/UWE bits with both handling dirty and accessed.
+ *
+ * Note that the kernel uses the accessed bit just to check whether to page
+ * out a page or not, so it doesn't have to be exact anyway.
+ */
+
+#define __DIRTY_BITS (_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_KWE | _PAGE_UWE)
+#define __ACCESS_BITS (_PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_KRE | _PAGE_URE)
+
+#define _PFN_MASK 0xFFFFFFFF00000000UL
+
+#define _PAGE_TABLE (_PAGE_VALID | __DIRTY_BITS | __ACCESS_BITS)
+#define _PAGE_CHG_MASK (_PFN_MASK | __DIRTY_BITS | __ACCESS_BITS)
+
+/*
+ * All the normal masks have the "page accessed" bits on, as any time they are used,
+ * the page is accessed. They are cleared only by the page-out routines
+ */
+#define PAGE_NONE __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOR | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOE)
+#define PAGE_SHARED __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS)
+#define PAGE_COPY __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOW)
+#define PAGE_READONLY __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOW)
+#define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | _PAGE_ASM | _PAGE_KRE | _PAGE_KWE)
+
+#define _PAGE_NORMAL(x) __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | (x))
+
+#define _PAGE_P(x) _PAGE_NORMAL((x) | (((x) & _PAGE_FOW)?0:_PAGE_FOW))
+#define _PAGE_S(x) _PAGE_NORMAL(x)
+
+/*
+ * The hardware can handle write-only mappings, but as the Alpha
+ * architecture does byte-wide writes with a read-modify-write
+ * sequence, it's not practical to have write-without-read privs.
+ * Thus the "-w- -> rw-" and "-wx -> rwx" mapping here (and in
+ * arch/alpha/mm/fault.c)
+ */
+ /* xwr */
+#define __P000 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
+#define __P001 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW)
+#define __P010 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE)
+#define __P011 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE)
+#define __P100 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
+#define __P101 _PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOW)
+#define __P110 _PAGE_P(0)
+#define __P111 _PAGE_P(0)
+
+#define __S000 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
+#define __S001 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW)
+#define __S010 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE)
+#define __S011 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE)
+#define __S100 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
+#define __S101 _PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOW)
+#define __S110 _PAGE_S(0)
+#define __S111 _PAGE_S(0)
+
+/*
+ * pgprot_noncached() is only for infiniband pci support, and a real
+ * implementation for RAM would be more complicated.
+ */
+#define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot)
+
+/*
+ * BAD_PAGETABLE is used when we need a bogus page-table, while
+ * BAD_PAGE is used for a bogus page.
+ *
+ * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used
+ * for zero-mapped memory areas etc..
+ */
+extern pte_t __bad_page(void);
+extern pmd_t * __bad_pagetable(void);
+
+extern unsigned long __zero_page(void);
+
+#define BAD_PAGETABLE __bad_pagetable()
+#define BAD_PAGE __bad_page()
+#define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) (virt_to_page(ZERO_PGE))
+
+/* number of bits that fit into a memory pointer */
+#define BITS_PER_PTR (8*sizeof(unsigned long))
+
+/* to align the pointer to a pointer address */
+#define PTR_MASK (~(sizeof(void*)-1))
+
+/* sizeof(void*)==1<<SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2 */
+#define SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2 3
+
+/* to find an entry in a page-table */
+#define PAGE_PTR(address) \
+ ((unsigned long)(address)>>(PAGE_SHIFT-SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2)&PTR_MASK&~PAGE_MASK)
+
+/*
+ * On certain platforms whose physical address space can overlap KSEG,
+ * namely EV6 and above, we must re-twiddle the physaddr to restore the
+ * correct high-order bits.
+ *
+ * This is extremely confusing until you realize that this is actually
+ * just working around a userspace bug. The X server was intending to
+ * provide the physical address but instead provided the KSEG address.
+ * Or tried to, except it's not representable.
+ *
+ * On Tsunami there's nothing meaningful at 0x40000000000, so this is
+ * a safe thing to do. Come the first core logic that does put something
+ * in this area -- memory or whathaveyou -- then this hack will have
+ * to go away. So be prepared!
+ */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC) && defined(USE_48_BIT_KSEG)
+#error "EV6-only feature in a generic kernel"
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC) || \
+ (defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_EV6) && !defined(USE_48_BIT_KSEG))
+#define KSEG_PFN (0xc0000000000UL >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define PHYS_TWIDDLE(pfn) \
+ ((((pfn) & KSEG_PFN) == (0x40000000000UL >> PAGE_SHIFT)) \
+ ? ((pfn) ^= KSEG_PFN) : (pfn))
+#else
+#define PHYS_TWIDDLE(pfn) (pfn)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry,
+ * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to.
+ */
+#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
+#define page_to_pa(page) (((page) - mem_map) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+#define pte_pfn(pte) (pte_val(pte) >> 32)
+#define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte))
+#define mk_pte(page, pgprot) \
+({ \
+ pte_t pte; \
+ \
+ pte_val(pte) = (page_to_pfn(page) << 32) | pgprot_val(pgprot); \
+ pte; \
+})
+#endif
+
+extern inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long physpfn, pgprot_t pgprot)
+{ pte_t pte; pte_val(pte) = (PHYS_TWIDDLE(physpfn) << 32) | pgprot_val(pgprot); return pte; }
+
+extern inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot)
+{ pte_val(pte) = (pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK) | pgprot_val(newprot); return pte; }
+
+extern inline void pmd_set(pmd_t * pmdp, pte_t * ptep)
+{ pmd_val(*pmdp) = _PAGE_TABLE | ((((unsigned long) ptep) - PAGE_OFFSET) << (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
+
+extern inline void pgd_set(pgd_t * pgdp, pmd_t * pmdp)
+{ pgd_val(*pgdp) = _PAGE_TABLE | ((((unsigned long) pmdp) - PAGE_OFFSET) << (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
+
+
+extern inline unsigned long
+pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return ((pmd_val(pmd) & _PFN_MASK) >> (32-PAGE_SHIFT)) + PAGE_OFFSET;
+}
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
+#define pmd_page(pmd) (mem_map + ((pmd_val(pmd) & _PFN_MASK) >> 32))
+#define pgd_page(pgd) (mem_map + ((pgd_val(pgd) & _PFN_MASK) >> 32))
+#endif
+
+extern inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd)
+{ return PAGE_OFFSET + ((pgd_val(pgd) & _PFN_MASK) >> (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
+
+extern inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !pte_val(pte); }
+extern inline int pte_present(pte_t pte) { return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_VALID; }
+extern inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+ pte_val(*ptep) = 0;
+}
+
+extern inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_val(pmd); }
+extern inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & ~_PFN_MASK) != _PAGE_TABLE; }
+extern inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_VALID; }
+extern inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t * pmdp) { pmd_val(*pmdp) = 0; }
+
+extern inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { return !pgd_val(pgd); }
+extern inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & ~_PFN_MASK) != _PAGE_TABLE; }
+extern inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { return pgd_val(pgd) & _PAGE_VALID; }
+extern inline void pgd_clear(pgd_t * pgdp) { pgd_val(*pgdp) = 0; }
+
+/*
+ * The following only work if pte_present() is true.
+ * Undefined behaviour if not..
+ */
+extern inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_FOW); }
+extern inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; }
+extern inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; }
+extern inline int pte_file(pte_t pte) { return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_FILE; }
+extern inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; }
+
+extern inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_FOW; return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) &= ~(__DIRTY_BITS); return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) &= ~(__ACCESS_BITS); return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) &= ~_PAGE_FOW; return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) |= __DIRTY_BITS; return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { pte_val(pte) |= __ACCESS_BITS; return pte; }
+extern inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; }
+
+#define PAGE_DIR_OFFSET(tsk,address) pgd_offset((tsk),(address))
+
+/* to find an entry in a kernel page-table-directory */
+#define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address))
+
+/* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */
+#define pgd_index(address) (((address) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD-1))
+#define pgd_offset(mm, address) ((mm)->pgd+pgd_index(address))
+
+/*
+ * The smp_read_barrier_depends() in the following functions are required to
+ * order the load of *dir (the pointer in the top level page table) with any
+ * subsequent load of the returned pmd_t *ret (ret is data dependent on *dir).
+ *
+ * If this ordering is not enforced, the CPU might load an older value of
+ * *ret, which may be uninitialized data. See mm/memory.c:__pte_alloc for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Note that we never change the mm->pgd pointer after the task is running, so
+ * pgd_offset does not require such a barrier.
+ */
+
+/* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */
+extern inline pmd_t * pmd_offset(pgd_t * dir, unsigned long address)
+{
+ pmd_t *ret = (pmd_t *) pgd_page_vaddr(*dir) + ((address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PAGE - 1));
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* see above */
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Find an entry in the third-level page table.. */
+extern inline pte_t * pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t * dir, unsigned long address)
+{
+ pte_t *ret = (pte_t *) pmd_page_vaddr(*dir)
+ + ((address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PAGE - 1));
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* see above */
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#define pte_offset_map(dir,addr) pte_offset_kernel((dir),(addr))
+#define pte_offset_map_nested(dir,addr) pte_offset_kernel((dir),(addr))
+#define pte_unmap(pte) do { } while (0)
+#define pte_unmap_nested(pte) do { } while (0)
+
+extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[1024];
+
+/*
+ * The Alpha doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page
+ * tables contain all the necessary information.
+ */
+extern inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct * vma,
+ unsigned long address, pte_t pte)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Non-present pages: high 24 bits are offset, next 8 bits type,
+ * low 32 bits zero.
+ */
+extern inline pte_t mk_swap_pte(unsigned long type, unsigned long offset)
+{ pte_t pte; pte_val(pte) = (type << 32) | (offset << 40); return pte; }
+
+#define __swp_type(x) (((x).val >> 32) & 0xff)
+#define __swp_offset(x) ((x).val >> 40)
+#define __swp_entry(type, off) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(mk_swap_pte((type), (off))) })
+#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(pte) })
+#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { (x).val })
+
+#define pte_to_pgoff(pte) (pte_val(pte) >> 32)
+#define pgoff_to_pte(off) ((pte_t) { ((off) << 32) | _PAGE_FILE })
+
+#define PTE_FILE_MAX_BITS 32
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
+#define kern_addr_valid(addr) (1)
+#endif
+
+#define io_remap_pfn_range(vma, start, pfn, size, prot) \
+ remap_pfn_range(vma, start, pfn, size, prot)
+
+#define pte_ERROR(e) \
+ printk("%s:%d: bad pte %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pte_val(e))
+#define pmd_ERROR(e) \
+ printk("%s:%d: bad pmd %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pmd_val(e))
+#define pgd_ERROR(e) \
+ printk("%s:%d: bad pgd %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pgd_val(e))
+
+extern void paging_init(void);
+
+#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * No page table caches to initialise
+ */
+#define pgtable_cache_init() do { } while (0)
+
+/* We have our own get_unmapped_area to cope with ADDR_LIMIT_32BIT. */
+#define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA
+
+#endif /* _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H */