path: root/arch/alpha/mm
diff options
authorLinus Torvalds <>2015-01-29 10:51:32 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <>2015-01-29 10:51:32 -0800
commit33692f27597fcab536d7cbbcc8f52905133e4aa7 (patch)
tree1af26a47599661f9e1219536ac7e1714767b7fc7 /arch/alpha/mm
parentc59c961ca511dc7ee2f4f7e9c224d16f5c76ca6e (diff)
vm: add VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV handling support
The core VM already knows about VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, but cannot return a "you should SIGSEGV" error, because the SIGSEGV case was generally handled by the caller - usually the architecture fault handler. That results in lots of duplication - all the architecture fault handlers end up doing very similar "look up vma, check permissions, do retries etc" - but it generally works. However, there are cases where the VM actually wants to SIGSEGV, and applications _expect_ SIGSEGV. In particular, when accessing the stack guard page, libsigsegv expects a SIGSEGV. And it usually got one, because the stack growth is handled by that duplicated architecture fault handler. However, when the generic VM layer started propagating the error return from the stack expansion in commit fee7e49d4514 ("mm: propagate error from stack expansion even for guard page"), that now exposed the existing VM_FAULT_SIGBUS result to user space. And user space really expected SIGSEGV, not SIGBUS. To fix that case, we need to add a VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, and teach all those duplicate architecture fault handlers about it. They all already have the code to handle SIGSEGV, so it's about just tying that new return value to the existing code, but it's all a bit annoying. This is the mindless minimal patch to do this. A more extensive patch would be to try to gather up the mostly shared fault handling logic into one generic helper routine, and long-term we really should do that cleanup. Just from this patch, you can generally see that most architectures just copied (directly or indirectly) the old x86 way of doing things, but in the meantime that original x86 model has been improved to hold the VM semaphore for shorter times etc and to handle VM_FAULT_RETRY and other "newer" things, so it would be a good idea to bring all those improvements to the generic case and teach other architectures about them too. Reported-and-tested-by: Takashi Iwai <> Tested-by: Jan Engelhardt <> Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <> # "s390 still compiles and boots" Cc: Cc: Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/alpha/mm')
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
index 98838a05ba6d..9d0ac091a52a 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
@@ -156,6 +156,8 @@ retry:
if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM)
goto out_of_memory;
+ else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)
+ goto bad_area;
else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
goto do_sigbus;