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authorMarc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>2012-12-10 16:15:34 +0000
committerMarc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>2013-06-07 14:03:36 +0100
commit7c8c5e6a9101ea57a1c2c9faff0917e79251a21e (patch)
tree9cfd6c3a7f2c1235911b0473bec8ce00b4f3fca0 /arch/arm64
parent54f81d0eb93896da73d1636bca84cf90f52cabdf (diff)
downloadlinux-7c8c5e6a9101ea57a1c2c9faff0917e79251a21e.tar.gz
arm64: KVM: system register handling
Provide 64bit system register handling, modeled after the cp15 handling for ARM. Reviewed-by: Christopher Covington <cov@codeaurora.org> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm64')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_coproc.h51
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h29
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c883
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.h138
4 files changed, 1101 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_coproc.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_coproc.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9b4477acb554
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_coproc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012,2013 - ARM Ltd
+ * Author: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
+ *
+ * Derived from arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_coproc.h
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_COPROC_H__
+#define __ARM64_KVM_COPROC_H__
+
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+
+void kvm_reset_sys_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+
+struct kvm_sys_reg_table {
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *table;
+ size_t num;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sys_reg_target_table {
+ struct kvm_sys_reg_table table64;
+};
+
+void kvm_register_target_sys_reg_table(unsigned int target,
+ struct kvm_sys_reg_target_table *table);
+
+int kvm_handle_sys_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run);
+
+#define kvm_coproc_table_init kvm_sys_reg_table_init
+void kvm_sys_reg_table_init(void);
+
+struct kvm_one_reg;
+int kvm_arm_copy_sys_reg_indices(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 __user *uindices);
+int kvm_arm_sys_reg_get_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *);
+int kvm_arm_sys_reg_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *);
+unsigned long kvm_arm_num_sys_reg_descs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+
+#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_COPROC_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
index 4e64570a20c9..ebac919dc0ca 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
@@ -92,6 +92,35 @@ struct kvm_sync_regs {
struct kvm_arch_memory_slot {
};
+/* If you need to interpret the index values, here is the key: */
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK 0x000000000FFF0000
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT 16
+
+/* Normal registers are mapped as coprocessor 16. */
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_CORE (0x0010 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_CORE_REG(name) (offsetof(struct kvm_regs, name) / sizeof(__u32))
+
+/* Some registers need more space to represent values. */
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX (0x0011 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_MASK 0x000000000000FF00
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_SHIFT 8
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_CCSIDR (0x00 << KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_SHIFT)
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_MASK 0x00000000000000FF
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_SHIFT 0
+
+/* AArch64 system registers */
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG (0x0013 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_MASK 0x000000000000c000
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_SHIFT 14
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_MASK 0x0000000000003800
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_SHIFT 11
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_MASK 0x0000000000000780
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_SHIFT 7
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_MASK 0x0000000000000078
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_SHIFT 3
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_MASK 0x0000000000000007
+#define KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_SHIFT 0
+
/* KVM_IRQ_LINE irq field index values */
#define KVM_ARM_IRQ_TYPE_SHIFT 24
#define KVM_ARM_IRQ_TYPE_MASK 0xff
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..52fff0ae3442
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,883 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012,2013 - ARM Ltd
+ * Author: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
+ *
+ * Derived from arch/arm/kvm/coproc.c:
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
+ * Authors: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
+ * Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_arm.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_host.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_coproc.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/cputype.h>
+#include <trace/events/kvm.h>
+
+#include "sys_regs.h"
+
+/*
+ * All of this file is extremly similar to the ARM coproc.c, but the
+ * types are different. My gut feeling is that it should be pretty
+ * easy to merge, but that would be an ABI breakage -- again. VFP
+ * would also need to be abstracted.
+ */
+
+/* 3 bits per cache level, as per CLIDR, but non-existent caches always 0 */
+static u32 cache_levels;
+
+/* CSSELR values; used to index KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_CCSIDR */
+#define CSSELR_MAX 12
+
+/* Which cache CCSIDR represents depends on CSSELR value. */
+static u32 get_ccsidr(u32 csselr)
+{
+ u32 ccsidr;
+
+ /* Make sure noone else changes CSSELR during this! */
+ local_irq_disable();
+ /* Put value into CSSELR */
+ asm volatile("msr csselr_el1, %x0" : : "r" (csselr));
+ isb();
+ /* Read result out of CCSIDR */
+ asm volatile("mrs %0, ccsidr_el1" : "=r" (ccsidr));
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ return ccsidr;
+}
+
+static void do_dc_cisw(u32 val)
+{
+ asm volatile("dc cisw, %x0" : : "r" (val));
+ dsb();
+}
+
+static void do_dc_csw(u32 val)
+{
+ asm volatile("dc csw, %x0" : : "r" (val));
+ dsb();
+}
+
+/* See note at ARM ARM B1.14.4 */
+static bool access_dcsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *p,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (!p->is_write)
+ return read_from_write_only(vcpu, p);
+
+ cpu = get_cpu();
+
+ cpumask_setall(&vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
+
+ /* If we were already preempted, take the long way around */
+ if (cpu != vcpu->arch.last_pcpu) {
+ flush_cache_all();
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ val = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt);
+
+ switch (p->CRm) {
+ case 6: /* Upgrade DCISW to DCCISW, as per HCR.SWIO */
+ case 14: /* DCCISW */
+ do_dc_cisw(val);
+ break;
+
+ case 10: /* DCCSW */
+ do_dc_csw(val);
+ break;
+ }
+
+done:
+ put_cpu();
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We could trap ID_DFR0 and tell the guest we don't support performance
+ * monitoring. Unfortunately the patch to make the kernel check ID_DFR0 was
+ * NAKed, so it will read the PMCR anyway.
+ *
+ * Therefore we tell the guest we have 0 counters. Unfortunately, we
+ * must always support PMCCNTR (the cycle counter): we just RAZ/WI for
+ * all PM registers, which doesn't crash the guest kernel at least.
+ */
+static bool pm_fake(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *p,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ if (p->is_write)
+ return ignore_write(vcpu, p);
+ else
+ return read_zero(vcpu, p);
+}
+
+static void reset_amair_el1(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ u64 amair;
+
+ asm volatile("mrs %0, amair_el1\n" : "=r" (amair));
+ vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, AMAIR_EL1) = amair;
+}
+
+static void reset_mpidr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ /*
+ * Simply map the vcpu_id into the Aff0 field of the MPIDR.
+ */
+ vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MPIDR_EL1) = (1UL << 31) | (vcpu->vcpu_id & 0xff);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Architected system registers.
+ * Important: Must be sorted ascending by Op0, Op1, CRn, CRm, Op2
+ */
+static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
+ /* DC ISW */
+ { Op0(0b01), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0111), CRm(0b0110), Op2(0b010),
+ access_dcsw },
+ /* DC CSW */
+ { Op0(0b01), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0111), CRm(0b1010), Op2(0b010),
+ access_dcsw },
+ /* DC CISW */
+ { Op0(0b01), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0111), CRm(0b1110), Op2(0b010),
+ access_dcsw },
+
+ /* MPIDR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b101),
+ NULL, reset_mpidr, MPIDR_EL1 },
+ /* SCTLR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0001), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_val, SCTLR_EL1, 0x00C50078 },
+ /* CPACR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0001), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b010),
+ NULL, reset_val, CPACR_EL1, 0 },
+ /* TTBR0_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0010), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, TTBR0_EL1 },
+ /* TTBR1_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0010), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, TTBR1_EL1 },
+ /* TCR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0010), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b010),
+ NULL, reset_val, TCR_EL1, 0 },
+
+ /* AFSR0_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0101), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, AFSR0_EL1 },
+ /* AFSR1_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0101), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, AFSR1_EL1 },
+ /* ESR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0101), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, ESR_EL1 },
+ /* FAR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0110), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, FAR_EL1 },
+
+ /* PMINTENSET_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1110), Op2(0b001),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMINTENCLR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1110), Op2(0b010),
+ pm_fake },
+
+ /* MAIR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1010), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, MAIR_EL1 },
+ /* AMAIR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1010), CRm(0b0011), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_amair_el1, AMAIR_EL1 },
+
+ /* VBAR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1100), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_val, VBAR_EL1, 0 },
+ /* CONTEXTIDR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1101), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, reset_val, CONTEXTIDR_EL1, 0 },
+ /* TPIDR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1101), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b100),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, TPIDR_EL1 },
+
+ /* CNTKCTL_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b1110), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_val, CNTKCTL_EL1, 0},
+
+ /* CSSELR_EL1 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b010), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, CSSELR_EL1 },
+
+ /* PMCR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b000),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMCNTENSET_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b001),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMCNTENCLR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b010),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMOVSCLR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b011),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMSWINC_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b100),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMSELR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b101),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMCEID0_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b110),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMCEID1_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1100), Op2(0b111),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMCCNTR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1101), Op2(0b000),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMXEVTYPER_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1101), Op2(0b001),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMXEVCNTR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1101), Op2(0b010),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMUSERENR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1110), Op2(0b000),
+ pm_fake },
+ /* PMOVSSET_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1001), CRm(0b1110), Op2(0b011),
+ pm_fake },
+
+ /* TPIDR_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1101), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b010),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, TPIDR_EL0 },
+ /* TPIDRRO_EL0 */
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b1101), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b011),
+ NULL, reset_unknown, TPIDRRO_EL0 },
+};
+
+/* Target specific emulation tables */
+static struct kvm_sys_reg_target_table *target_tables[KVM_ARM_NUM_TARGETS];
+
+void kvm_register_target_sys_reg_table(unsigned int target,
+ struct kvm_sys_reg_target_table *table)
+{
+ target_tables[target] = table;
+}
+
+/* Get specific register table for this target. */
+static const struct sys_reg_desc *get_target_table(unsigned target, size_t *num)
+{
+ struct kvm_sys_reg_target_table *table;
+
+ table = target_tables[target];
+ *num = table->table64.num;
+ return table->table64.table;
+}
+
+static const struct sys_reg_desc *find_reg(const struct sys_reg_params *params,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc table[],
+ unsigned int num)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r = &table[i];
+
+ if (params->Op0 != r->Op0)
+ continue;
+ if (params->Op1 != r->Op1)
+ continue;
+ if (params->CRn != r->CRn)
+ continue;
+ if (params->CRm != r->CRm)
+ continue;
+ if (params->Op2 != r->Op2)
+ continue;
+
+ return r;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int emulate_sys_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *params)
+{
+ size_t num;
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *table, *r;
+
+ table = get_target_table(vcpu->arch.target, &num);
+
+ /* Search target-specific then generic table. */
+ r = find_reg(params, table, num);
+ if (!r)
+ r = find_reg(params, sys_reg_descs, ARRAY_SIZE(sys_reg_descs));
+
+ if (likely(r)) {
+ /*
+ * Not having an accessor means that we have
+ * configured a trap that we don't know how to
+ * handle. This certainly qualifies as a gross bug
+ * that should be fixed right away.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(!r->access);
+
+ if (likely(r->access(vcpu, params, r))) {
+ /* Skip instruction, since it was emulated */
+ kvm_skip_instr(vcpu, kvm_vcpu_trap_il_is32bit(vcpu));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ /* If access function fails, it should complain. */
+ } else {
+ kvm_err("Unsupported guest sys_reg access at: %lx\n",
+ *vcpu_pc(vcpu));
+ print_sys_reg_instr(params);
+ }
+ kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void reset_sys_reg_descs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *table, size_t num)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
+ if (table[i].reset)
+ table[i].reset(vcpu, &table[i]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * kvm_handle_sys_reg -- handles a mrs/msr trap on a guest sys_reg access
+ * @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
+ * @run: The kvm_run struct
+ */
+int kvm_handle_sys_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
+{
+ struct sys_reg_params params;
+ unsigned long esr = kvm_vcpu_get_hsr(vcpu);
+
+ params.Op0 = (esr >> 20) & 3;
+ params.Op1 = (esr >> 14) & 0x7;
+ params.CRn = (esr >> 10) & 0xf;
+ params.CRm = (esr >> 1) & 0xf;
+ params.Op2 = (esr >> 17) & 0x7;
+ params.Rt = (esr >> 5) & 0x1f;
+ params.is_write = !(esr & 1);
+
+ return emulate_sys_reg(vcpu, &params);
+}
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ * Userspace API
+ *****************************************************************************/
+
+static bool index_to_params(u64 id, struct sys_reg_params *params)
+{
+ switch (id & KVM_REG_SIZE_MASK) {
+ case KVM_REG_SIZE_U64:
+ /* Any unused index bits means it's not valid. */
+ if (id & ~(KVM_REG_ARCH_MASK | KVM_REG_SIZE_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_MASK
+ | KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_MASK))
+ return false;
+ params->Op0 = ((id & KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_SHIFT);
+ params->Op1 = ((id & KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_SHIFT);
+ params->CRn = ((id & KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_SHIFT);
+ params->CRm = ((id & KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_SHIFT);
+ params->Op2 = ((id & KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_SHIFT);
+ return true;
+ default:
+ return false;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Decode an index value, and find the sys_reg_desc entry. */
+static const struct sys_reg_desc *index_to_sys_reg_desc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ u64 id)
+{
+ size_t num;
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *table, *r;
+ struct sys_reg_params params;
+
+ /* We only do sys_reg for now. */
+ if ((id & KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK) != KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (!index_to_params(id, &params))
+ return NULL;
+
+ table = get_target_table(vcpu->arch.target, &num);
+ r = find_reg(&params, table, num);
+ if (!r)
+ r = find_reg(&params, sys_reg_descs, ARRAY_SIZE(sys_reg_descs));
+
+ /* Not saved in the sys_reg array? */
+ if (r && !r->reg)
+ r = NULL;
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * These are the invariant sys_reg registers: we let the guest see the
+ * host versions of these, so they're part of the guest state.
+ *
+ * A future CPU may provide a mechanism to present different values to
+ * the guest, or a future kvm may trap them.
+ */
+
+#define FUNCTION_INVARIANT(reg) \
+ static void get_##reg(struct kvm_vcpu *v, \
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r) \
+ { \
+ u64 val; \
+ \
+ asm volatile("mrs %0, " __stringify(reg) "\n" \
+ : "=r" (val)); \
+ ((struct sys_reg_desc *)r)->val = val; \
+ }
+
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(midr_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(ctr_el0)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(revidr_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_pfr0_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_pfr1_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_dfr0_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_afr0_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_mmfr0_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_mmfr1_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_mmfr2_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_mmfr3_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar0_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar1_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar2_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar3_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar4_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(id_isar5_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(clidr_el1)
+FUNCTION_INVARIANT(aidr_el1)
+
+/* ->val is filled in by kvm_sys_reg_table_init() */
+static struct sys_reg_desc invariant_sys_regs[] = {
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, get_midr_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b110),
+ NULL, get_revidr_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, get_id_pfr0_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, get_id_pfr1_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b010),
+ NULL, get_id_dfr0_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b011),
+ NULL, get_id_afr0_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b100),
+ NULL, get_id_mmfr0_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b101),
+ NULL, get_id_mmfr1_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b110),
+ NULL, get_id_mmfr2_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0001), Op2(0b111),
+ NULL, get_id_mmfr3_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b000),
+ NULL, get_id_isar0_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, get_id_isar1_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b010),
+ NULL, get_id_isar2_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b011),
+ NULL, get_id_isar3_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b100),
+ NULL, get_id_isar4_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0010), Op2(0b101),
+ NULL, get_id_isar5_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b001), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, get_clidr_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b001), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b111),
+ NULL, get_aidr_el1 },
+ { Op0(0b11), Op1(0b011), CRn(0b0000), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b001),
+ NULL, get_ctr_el0 },
+};
+
+static int reg_from_user(void *val, const void __user *uaddr, u64 id)
+{
+ /* This Just Works because we are little endian. */
+ if (copy_from_user(val, uaddr, KVM_REG_SIZE(id)) != 0)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int reg_to_user(void __user *uaddr, const void *val, u64 id)
+{
+ /* This Just Works because we are little endian. */
+ if (copy_to_user(uaddr, val, KVM_REG_SIZE(id)) != 0)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_invariant_sys_reg(u64 id, void __user *uaddr)
+{
+ struct sys_reg_params params;
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r;
+
+ if (!index_to_params(id, &params))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ r = find_reg(&params, invariant_sys_regs, ARRAY_SIZE(invariant_sys_regs));
+ if (!r)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ return reg_to_user(uaddr, &r->val, id);
+}
+
+static int set_invariant_sys_reg(u64 id, void __user *uaddr)
+{
+ struct sys_reg_params params;
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r;
+ int err;
+ u64 val = 0; /* Make sure high bits are 0 for 32-bit regs */
+
+ if (!index_to_params(id, &params))
+ return -ENOENT;
+ r = find_reg(&params, invariant_sys_regs, ARRAY_SIZE(invariant_sys_regs));
+ if (!r)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ err = reg_from_user(&val, uaddr, id);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ /* This is what we mean by invariant: you can't change it. */
+ if (r->val != val)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool is_valid_cache(u32 val)
+{
+ u32 level, ctype;
+
+ if (val >= CSSELR_MAX)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ /* Bottom bit is Instruction or Data bit. Next 3 bits are level. */
+ level = (val >> 1);
+ ctype = (cache_levels >> (level * 3)) & 7;
+
+ switch (ctype) {
+ case 0: /* No cache */
+ return false;
+ case 1: /* Instruction cache only */
+ return (val & 1);
+ case 2: /* Data cache only */
+ case 4: /* Unified cache */
+ return !(val & 1);
+ case 3: /* Separate instruction and data caches */
+ return true;
+ default: /* Reserved: we can't know instruction or data. */
+ return false;
+ }
+}
+
+static int demux_c15_get(u64 id, void __user *uaddr)
+{
+ u32 val;
+ u32 __user *uval = uaddr;
+
+ /* Fail if we have unknown bits set. */
+ if (id & ~(KVM_REG_ARCH_MASK|KVM_REG_SIZE_MASK|KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK
+ | ((1 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)-1)))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ switch (id & KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_MASK) {
+ case KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_CCSIDR:
+ if (KVM_REG_SIZE(id) != 4)
+ return -ENOENT;
+ val = (id & KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_SHIFT;
+ if (!is_valid_cache(val))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ return put_user(get_ccsidr(val), uval);
+ default:
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+}
+
+static int demux_c15_set(u64 id, void __user *uaddr)
+{
+ u32 val, newval;
+ u32 __user *uval = uaddr;
+
+ /* Fail if we have unknown bits set. */
+ if (id & ~(KVM_REG_ARCH_MASK|KVM_REG_SIZE_MASK|KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK
+ | ((1 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)-1)))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ switch (id & KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_MASK) {
+ case KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_CCSIDR:
+ if (KVM_REG_SIZE(id) != 4)
+ return -ENOENT;
+ val = (id & KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_MASK)
+ >> KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_VAL_SHIFT;
+ if (!is_valid_cache(val))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ if (get_user(newval, uval))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ /* This is also invariant: you can't change it. */
+ if (newval != get_ccsidr(val))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+}
+
+int kvm_arm_sys_reg_get_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg)
+{
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r;
+ void __user *uaddr = (void __user *)(unsigned long)reg->addr;
+
+ if ((reg->id & KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK) == KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX)
+ return demux_c15_get(reg->id, uaddr);
+
+ if (KVM_REG_SIZE(reg->id) != sizeof(__u64))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ r = index_to_sys_reg_desc(vcpu, reg->id);
+ if (!r)
+ return get_invariant_sys_reg(reg->id, uaddr);
+
+ return reg_to_user(uaddr, &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg), reg->id);
+}
+
+int kvm_arm_sys_reg_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg)
+{
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r;
+ void __user *uaddr = (void __user *)(unsigned long)reg->addr;
+
+ if ((reg->id & KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK) == KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX)
+ return demux_c15_set(reg->id, uaddr);
+
+ if (KVM_REG_SIZE(reg->id) != sizeof(__u64))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ r = index_to_sys_reg_desc(vcpu, reg->id);
+ if (!r)
+ return set_invariant_sys_reg(reg->id, uaddr);
+
+ return reg_from_user(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg), uaddr, reg->id);
+}
+
+static unsigned int num_demux_regs(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i, count = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CSSELR_MAX; i++)
+ if (is_valid_cache(i))
+ count++;
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+static int write_demux_regids(u64 __user *uindices)
+{
+ u64 val = KVM_REG_ARM | KVM_REG_SIZE_U32 | KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ val |= KVM_REG_ARM_DEMUX_ID_CCSIDR;
+ for (i = 0; i < CSSELR_MAX; i++) {
+ if (!is_valid_cache(i))
+ continue;
+ if (put_user(val | i, uindices))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ uindices++;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static u64 sys_reg_to_index(const struct sys_reg_desc *reg)
+{
+ return (KVM_REG_ARM64 | KVM_REG_SIZE_U64 |
+ KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG |
+ (reg->Op0 << KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP0_SHIFT) |
+ (reg->Op1 << KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP1_SHIFT) |
+ (reg->CRn << KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRN_SHIFT) |
+ (reg->CRm << KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_CRM_SHIFT) |
+ (reg->Op2 << KVM_REG_ARM64_SYSREG_OP2_SHIFT));
+}
+
+static bool copy_reg_to_user(const struct sys_reg_desc *reg, u64 __user **uind)
+{
+ if (!*uind)
+ return true;
+
+ if (put_user(sys_reg_to_index(reg), *uind))
+ return false;
+
+ (*uind)++;
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Assumed ordered tables, see kvm_sys_reg_table_init. */
+static int walk_sys_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 __user *uind)
+{
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *i1, *i2, *end1, *end2;
+ unsigned int total = 0;
+ size_t num;
+
+ /* We check for duplicates here, to allow arch-specific overrides. */
+ i1 = get_target_table(vcpu->arch.target, &num);
+ end1 = i1 + num;
+ i2 = sys_reg_descs;
+ end2 = sys_reg_descs + ARRAY_SIZE(sys_reg_descs);
+
+ BUG_ON(i1 == end1 || i2 == end2);
+
+ /* Walk carefully, as both tables may refer to the same register. */
+ while (i1 || i2) {
+ int cmp = cmp_sys_reg(i1, i2);
+ /* target-specific overrides generic entry. */
+ if (cmp <= 0) {
+ /* Ignore registers we trap but don't save. */
+ if (i1->reg) {
+ if (!copy_reg_to_user(i1, &uind))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ total++;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* Ignore registers we trap but don't save. */
+ if (i2->reg) {
+ if (!copy_reg_to_user(i2, &uind))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ total++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (cmp <= 0 && ++i1 == end1)
+ i1 = NULL;
+ if (cmp >= 0 && ++i2 == end2)
+ i2 = NULL;
+ }
+ return total;
+}
+
+unsigned long kvm_arm_num_sys_reg_descs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ return ARRAY_SIZE(invariant_sys_regs)
+ + num_demux_regs()
+ + walk_sys_regs(vcpu, (u64 __user *)NULL);
+}
+
+int kvm_arm_copy_sys_reg_indices(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 __user *uindices)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ int err;
+
+ /* Then give them all the invariant registers' indices. */
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(invariant_sys_regs); i++) {
+ if (put_user(sys_reg_to_index(&invariant_sys_regs[i]), uindices))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ uindices++;
+ }
+
+ err = walk_sys_regs(vcpu, uindices);
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+ uindices += err;
+
+ return write_demux_regids(uindices);
+}
+
+void kvm_sys_reg_table_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ struct sys_reg_desc clidr;
+
+ /* Make sure tables are unique and in order. */
+ for (i = 1; i < ARRAY_SIZE(sys_reg_descs); i++)
+ BUG_ON(cmp_sys_reg(&sys_reg_descs[i-1], &sys_reg_descs[i]) >= 0);
+
+ /* We abuse the reset function to overwrite the table itself. */
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(invariant_sys_regs); i++)
+ invariant_sys_regs[i].reset(NULL, &invariant_sys_regs[i]);
+
+ /*
+ * CLIDR format is awkward, so clean it up. See ARM B4.1.20:
+ *
+ * If software reads the Cache Type fields from Ctype1
+ * upwards, once it has seen a value of 0b000, no caches
+ * exist at further-out levels of the hierarchy. So, for
+ * example, if Ctype3 is the first Cache Type field with a
+ * value of 0b000, the values of Ctype4 to Ctype7 must be
+ * ignored.
+ */
+ get_clidr_el1(NULL, &clidr); /* Ugly... */
+ cache_levels = clidr.val;
+ for (i = 0; i < 7; i++)
+ if (((cache_levels >> (i*3)) & 7) == 0)
+ break;
+ /* Clear all higher bits. */
+ cache_levels &= (1 << (i*3))-1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kvm_reset_sys_regs - sets system registers to reset value
+ * @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
+ *
+ * This function finds the right table above and sets the registers on the
+ * virtual CPU struct to their architecturally defined reset values.
+ */
+void kvm_reset_sys_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ size_t num;
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *table;
+
+ /* Catch someone adding a register without putting in reset entry. */
+ memset(&vcpu->arch.ctxt.sys_regs, 0x42, sizeof(vcpu->arch.ctxt.sys_regs));
+
+ /* Generic chip reset first (so target could override). */
+ reset_sys_reg_descs(vcpu, sys_reg_descs, ARRAY_SIZE(sys_reg_descs));
+
+ table = get_target_table(vcpu->arch.target, &num);
+ reset_sys_reg_descs(vcpu, table, num);
+
+ for (num = 1; num < NR_SYS_REGS; num++)
+ if (vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, num) == 0x4242424242424242)
+ panic("Didn't reset vcpu_sys_reg(%zi)", num);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.h b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d50d3722998e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,138 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012,2013 - ARM Ltd
+ * Author: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
+ *
+ * Derived from arch/arm/kvm/coproc.h
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
+ * Authors: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_SYS_REGS_LOCAL_H__
+#define __ARM64_KVM_SYS_REGS_LOCAL_H__
+
+struct sys_reg_params {
+ u8 Op0;
+ u8 Op1;
+ u8 CRn;
+ u8 CRm;
+ u8 Op2;
+ u8 Rt;
+ bool is_write;
+};
+
+struct sys_reg_desc {
+ /* MRS/MSR instruction which accesses it. */
+ u8 Op0;
+ u8 Op1;
+ u8 CRn;
+ u8 CRm;
+ u8 Op2;
+
+ /* Trapped access from guest, if non-NULL. */
+ bool (*access)(struct kvm_vcpu *,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *);
+
+ /* Initialization for vcpu. */
+ void (*reset)(struct kvm_vcpu *, const struct sys_reg_desc *);
+
+ /* Index into sys_reg[], or 0 if we don't need to save it. */
+ int reg;
+
+ /* Value (usually reset value) */
+ u64 val;
+};
+
+static inline void print_sys_reg_instr(const struct sys_reg_params *p)
+{
+ /* Look, we even formatted it for you to paste into the table! */
+ kvm_pr_unimpl(" { Op0(%2u), Op1(%2u), CRn(%2u), CRm(%2u), Op2(%2u), func_%s },\n",
+ p->Op0, p->Op1, p->CRn, p->CRm, p->Op2, p->is_write ? "write" : "read");
+}
+
+static inline bool ignore_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *p)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool read_zero(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *p)
+{
+ *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt) = 0;
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool write_to_read_only(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *params)
+{
+ kvm_debug("sys_reg write to read-only register at: %lx\n",
+ *vcpu_pc(vcpu));
+ print_sys_reg_instr(params);
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool read_from_write_only(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_params *params)
+{
+ kvm_debug("sys_reg read to write-only register at: %lx\n",
+ *vcpu_pc(vcpu));
+ print_sys_reg_instr(params);
+ return false;
+}
+
+/* Reset functions */
+static inline void reset_unknown(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ BUG_ON(!r->reg);
+ BUG_ON(r->reg >= NR_SYS_REGS);
+ vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg) = 0x1de7ec7edbadc0deULL;
+}
+
+static inline void reset_val(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+ BUG_ON(!r->reg);
+ BUG_ON(r->reg >= NR_SYS_REGS);
+ vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg) = r->val;
+}
+
+static inline int cmp_sys_reg(const struct sys_reg_desc *i1,
+ const struct sys_reg_desc *i2)
+{
+ BUG_ON(i1 == i2);
+ if (!i1)
+ return 1;
+ else if (!i2)
+ return -1;
+ if (i1->Op0 != i2->Op0)
+ return i1->Op0 - i2->Op0;
+ if (i1->Op1 != i2->Op1)
+ return i1->Op1 - i2->Op1;
+ if (i1->CRn != i2->CRn)
+ return i1->CRn - i2->CRn;
+ if (i1->CRm != i2->CRm)
+ return i1->CRm - i2->CRm;
+ return i1->Op2 - i2->Op2;
+}
+
+
+#define Op0(_x) .Op0 = _x
+#define Op1(_x) .Op1 = _x
+#define CRn(_x) .CRn = _x
+#define CRm(_x) .CRm = _x
+#define Op2(_x) .Op2 = _x
+
+#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_SYS_REGS_LOCAL_H__ */