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authorDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-09-24 20:56:11 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-10-05 16:53:39 -0700
commit0dd5b7b09e13dae32869371e08e1048349fd040c (patch)
treec2b29dbbdb032fa427fe91badf6b514e62393cfe /arch/sparc/mm
parent8c82dc0e883821c098c8b0b130ffebabf9aab5df (diff)
downloadlinux-0dd5b7b09e13dae32869371e08e1048349fd040c.tar.gz
sparc64: Fix physical memory management regressions with large max_phys_bits.
If max_phys_bits needs to be > 43 (f.e. for T4 chips), things like DEBUG_PAGEALLOC stop working because the 3-level page tables only can cover up to 43 bits. Another problem is that when we increased MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS_BITS up to 47, several statically allocated tables became enormous. Compounding this is that we will need to support up to 49 bits of physical addressing for M7 chips. The two tables in question are sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap and kpte_linear_bitmap. The first holds a bitmap, with 1 bit for each 4MB chunk of physical memory, indicating whether that chunk actually exists in the machine and is valid. The second table is a set of 2-bit values which tell how large of a mapping (4MB, 256MB, 2GB, 16GB, respectively) we can use at each 256MB chunk of ram in the system. These tables are huge and take up an enormous amount of the BSS section of the sparc64 kernel image. Specifically, the sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap is 4MB, and the kpte_linear_bitmap is 128K. So let's solve the space wastage and the DEBUG_PAGEALLOC problem at the same time, by using the kernel page tables (as designed) to manage this information. We have to keep using large mappings when DEBUG_PAGEALLOC is disabled, and we do this by encoding huge PMDs and PUDs. On a T4-2 with 256GB of ram the kernel page table takes up 16K with DEBUG_PAGEALLOC disabled and 256MB with it enabled. Furthermore, this memory is dynamically allocated at run time rather than coded statically into the kernel image. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Bob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/sparc/mm')
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/mm/init_64.c393
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/mm/init_64.h7
2 files changed, 168 insertions, 232 deletions
diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.c b/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.c
index 35fcc9cb960d..848440a33125 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.c
@@ -75,7 +75,6 @@ unsigned long kern_linear_pte_xor[4] __read_mostly;
* 'cpu' properties, but we need to have this table setup before the
* MDESC is initialized.
*/
-unsigned long kpte_linear_bitmap[KPTE_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(unsigned long)];
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
/* A special kernel TSB for 4MB, 256MB, 2GB and 16GB linear mappings.
@@ -84,6 +83,7 @@ unsigned long kpte_linear_bitmap[KPTE_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(unsigned long)];
*/
extern struct tsb swapper_4m_tsb[KERNEL_TSB4M_NENTRIES];
#endif
+extern struct tsb swapper_tsb[KERNEL_TSB_NENTRIES];
static unsigned long cpu_pgsz_mask;
@@ -165,10 +165,6 @@ static void __init read_obp_memory(const char *property,
cmp_p64, NULL);
}
-unsigned long sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap[VALID_ADDR_BITMAP_BYTES /
- sizeof(unsigned long)];
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap);
-
/* Kernel physical address base and size in bytes. */
unsigned long kern_base __read_mostly;
unsigned long kern_size __read_mostly;
@@ -1369,9 +1365,145 @@ static unsigned long __init bootmem_init(unsigned long phys_base)
static struct linux_prom64_registers pall[MAX_BANKS] __initdata;
static int pall_ents __initdata;
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
+static unsigned long max_phys_bits = 40;
+
+bool kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ unsigned long above = ((long)addr) >> max_phys_bits;
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ if (above != 0 && above != -1UL)
+ return false;
+
+ if (addr >= (unsigned long) KERNBASE &&
+ addr < (unsigned long)&_end)
+ return true;
+
+ if (addr >= PAGE_OFFSET) {
+ unsigned long pa = __pa(addr);
+
+ return pfn_valid(pa >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ }
+
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd))
+ return 0;
+
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
+ if (pud_none(*pud))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (pud_large(*pud))
+ return pfn_valid(pud_pfn(*pud));
+
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (pmd_large(*pmd))
+ return pfn_valid(pmd_pfn(*pmd));
+
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
+ if (pte_none(*pte))
+ return 0;
+
+ return pfn_valid(pte_pfn(*pte));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_addr_valid);
+
+static unsigned long __ref kernel_map_hugepud(unsigned long vstart,
+ unsigned long vend,
+ pud_t *pud)
+{
+ const unsigned long mask16gb = (1UL << 34) - 1UL;
+ u64 pte_val = vstart;
+
+ /* Each PUD is 8GB */
+ if ((vstart & mask16gb) ||
+ (vend - vstart <= mask16gb)) {
+ pte_val ^= kern_linear_pte_xor[2];
+ pud_val(*pud) = pte_val | _PAGE_PUD_HUGE;
+
+ return vstart + PUD_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ pte_val ^= kern_linear_pte_xor[3];
+ pte_val |= _PAGE_PUD_HUGE;
+
+ vend = vstart + mask16gb + 1UL;
+ while (vstart < vend) {
+ pud_val(*pud) = pte_val;
+
+ pte_val += PUD_SIZE;
+ vstart += PUD_SIZE;
+ pud++;
+ }
+ return vstart;
+}
+
+static bool kernel_can_map_hugepud(unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
+ bool guard)
+{
+ if (guard && !(vstart & ~PUD_MASK) && (vend - vstart) >= PUD_SIZE)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static unsigned long __ref kernel_map_hugepmd(unsigned long vstart,
+ unsigned long vend,
+ pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ const unsigned long mask256mb = (1UL << 28) - 1UL;
+ const unsigned long mask2gb = (1UL << 31) - 1UL;
+ u64 pte_val = vstart;
+
+ /* Each PMD is 8MB */
+ if ((vstart & mask256mb) ||
+ (vend - vstart <= mask256mb)) {
+ pte_val ^= kern_linear_pte_xor[0];
+ pmd_val(*pmd) = pte_val | _PAGE_PMD_HUGE;
+
+ return vstart + PMD_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ if ((vstart & mask2gb) ||
+ (vend - vstart <= mask2gb)) {
+ pte_val ^= kern_linear_pte_xor[1];
+ pte_val |= _PAGE_PMD_HUGE;
+ vend = vstart + mask256mb + 1UL;
+ } else {
+ pte_val ^= kern_linear_pte_xor[2];
+ pte_val |= _PAGE_PMD_HUGE;
+ vend = vstart + mask2gb + 1UL;
+ }
+
+ while (vstart < vend) {
+ pmd_val(*pmd) = pte_val;
+
+ pte_val += PMD_SIZE;
+ vstart += PMD_SIZE;
+ pmd++;
+ }
+
+ return vstart;
+}
+
+static bool kernel_can_map_hugepmd(unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
+ bool guard)
+{
+ if (guard && !(vstart & ~PMD_MASK) && (vend - vstart) >= PMD_SIZE)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
static unsigned long __ref kernel_map_range(unsigned long pstart,
- unsigned long pend, pgprot_t prot)
+ unsigned long pend, pgprot_t prot,
+ bool use_huge)
{
unsigned long vstart = PAGE_OFFSET + pstart;
unsigned long vend = PAGE_OFFSET + pend;
@@ -1401,15 +1533,23 @@ static unsigned long __ref kernel_map_range(unsigned long pstart,
if (pud_none(*pud)) {
pmd_t *new;
+ if (kernel_can_map_hugepud(vstart, vend, use_huge)) {
+ vstart = kernel_map_hugepud(vstart, vend, pud);
+ continue;
+ }
new = __alloc_bootmem(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
alloc_bytes += PAGE_SIZE;
pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, new);
}
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, vstart);
- if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd)) {
pte_t *new;
+ if (kernel_can_map_hugepmd(vstart, vend, use_huge)) {
+ vstart = kernel_map_hugepmd(vstart, vend, pmd);
+ continue;
+ }
new = __alloc_bootmem(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
alloc_bytes += PAGE_SIZE;
pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new);
@@ -1432,100 +1572,34 @@ static unsigned long __ref kernel_map_range(unsigned long pstart,
return alloc_bytes;
}
-extern unsigned int kvmap_linear_patch[1];
-#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
-
-static void __init kpte_set_val(unsigned long index, unsigned long val)
-{
- unsigned long *ptr = kpte_linear_bitmap;
-
- val <<= ((index % (BITS_PER_LONG / 2)) * 2);
- ptr += (index / (BITS_PER_LONG / 2));
-
- *ptr |= val;
-}
-
-static const unsigned long kpte_shift_min = 28; /* 256MB */
-static const unsigned long kpte_shift_max = 34; /* 16GB */
-static const unsigned long kpte_shift_incr = 3;
-
-static unsigned long kpte_mark_using_shift(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
- unsigned long shift)
+static void __init flush_all_kernel_tsbs(void)
{
- unsigned long size = (1UL << shift);
- unsigned long mask = (size - 1UL);
- unsigned long remains = end - start;
- unsigned long val;
-
- if (remains < size || (start & mask))
- return start;
-
- /* VAL maps:
- *
- * shift 28 --> kern_linear_pte_xor index 1
- * shift 31 --> kern_linear_pte_xor index 2
- * shift 34 --> kern_linear_pte_xor index 3
- */
- val = ((shift - kpte_shift_min) / kpte_shift_incr) + 1;
-
- remains &= ~mask;
- if (shift != kpte_shift_max)
- remains = size;
-
- while (remains) {
- unsigned long index = start >> kpte_shift_min;
+ int i;
- kpte_set_val(index, val);
+ for (i = 0; i < KERNEL_TSB_NENTRIES; i++) {
+ struct tsb *ent = &swapper_tsb[i];
- start += 1UL << kpte_shift_min;
- remains -= 1UL << kpte_shift_min;
+ ent->tag = (1UL << TSB_TAG_INVALID_BIT);
}
+#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
+ for (i = 0; i < KERNEL_TSB4M_NENTRIES; i++) {
+ struct tsb *ent = &swapper_4m_tsb[i];
- return start;
-}
-
-static void __init mark_kpte_bitmap(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
-{
- unsigned long smallest_size, smallest_mask;
- unsigned long s;
-
- smallest_size = (1UL << kpte_shift_min);
- smallest_mask = (smallest_size - 1UL);
-
- while (start < end) {
- unsigned long orig_start = start;
-
- for (s = kpte_shift_max; s >= kpte_shift_min; s -= kpte_shift_incr) {
- start = kpte_mark_using_shift(start, end, s);
-
- if (start != orig_start)
- break;
- }
-
- if (start == orig_start)
- start = (start + smallest_size) & ~smallest_mask;
+ ent->tag = (1UL << TSB_TAG_INVALID_BIT);
}
+#endif
}
-static void __init init_kpte_bitmap(void)
-{
- unsigned long i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < pall_ents; i++) {
- unsigned long phys_start, phys_end;
-
- phys_start = pall[i].phys_addr;
- phys_end = phys_start + pall[i].reg_size;
-
- mark_kpte_bitmap(phys_start, phys_end);
- }
-}
+extern unsigned int kvmap_linear_patch[1];
static void __init kernel_physical_mapping_init(void)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
unsigned long i, mem_alloced = 0UL;
+ bool use_huge = true;
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
+ use_huge = false;
+#endif
for (i = 0; i < pall_ents; i++) {
unsigned long phys_start, phys_end;
@@ -1533,7 +1607,7 @@ static void __init kernel_physical_mapping_init(void)
phys_end = phys_start + pall[i].reg_size;
mem_alloced += kernel_map_range(phys_start, phys_end,
- PAGE_KERNEL);
+ PAGE_KERNEL, use_huge);
}
printk("Allocated %ld bytes for kernel page tables.\n",
@@ -1542,8 +1616,9 @@ static void __init kernel_physical_mapping_init(void)
kvmap_linear_patch[0] = 0x01000000; /* nop */
flushi(&kvmap_linear_patch[0]);
+ flush_all_kernel_tsbs();
+
__flush_tlb_all();
-#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
@@ -1553,7 +1628,7 @@ void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable)
unsigned long phys_end = phys_start + (numpages * PAGE_SIZE);
kernel_map_range(phys_start, phys_end,
- (enable ? PAGE_KERNEL : __pgprot(0)));
+ (enable ? PAGE_KERNEL : __pgprot(0)), false);
flush_tsb_kernel_range(PAGE_OFFSET + phys_start,
PAGE_OFFSET + phys_end);
@@ -1581,62 +1656,11 @@ unsigned long __init find_ecache_flush_span(unsigned long size)
unsigned long PAGE_OFFSET;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(PAGE_OFFSET);
-static void __init page_offset_shift_patch_one(unsigned int *insn, unsigned long phys_bits)
-{
- unsigned long final_shift;
- unsigned int val = *insn;
- unsigned int cnt;
-
- /* We are patching in ilog2(max_supported_phys_address), and
- * we are doing so in a manner similar to a relocation addend.
- * That is, we are adding the shift value to whatever value
- * is in the shift instruction count field already.
- */
- cnt = (val & 0x3f);
- val &= ~0x3f;
-
- /* If we are trying to shift >= 64 bits, clear the destination
- * register. This can happen when phys_bits ends up being equal
- * to MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS_BITS.
- */
- final_shift = (cnt + (64 - phys_bits));
- if (final_shift >= 64) {
- unsigned int rd = (val >> 25) & 0x1f;
-
- val = 0x80100000 | (rd << 25);
- } else {
- val |= final_shift;
- }
- *insn = val;
-
- __asm__ __volatile__("flush %0"
- : /* no outputs */
- : "r" (insn));
-}
-
-static void __init page_offset_shift_patch(unsigned long phys_bits)
-{
- extern unsigned int __page_offset_shift_patch;
- extern unsigned int __page_offset_shift_patch_end;
- unsigned int *p;
-
- p = &__page_offset_shift_patch;
- while (p < &__page_offset_shift_patch_end) {
- unsigned int *insn = (unsigned int *)(unsigned long)*p;
-
- page_offset_shift_patch_one(insn, phys_bits);
-
- p++;
- }
-}
-
unsigned long sparc64_va_hole_top = 0xfffff80000000000UL;
unsigned long sparc64_va_hole_bottom = 0x0000080000000000UL;
static void __init setup_page_offset(void)
{
- unsigned long max_phys_bits = 40;
-
if (tlb_type == cheetah || tlb_type == cheetah_plus) {
/* Cheetah/Panther support a full 64-bit virtual
* address, so we can use all that our page tables
@@ -1685,8 +1709,6 @@ static void __init setup_page_offset(void)
pr_info("PAGE_OFFSET is 0x%016lx (max_phys_bits == %lu)\n",
PAGE_OFFSET, max_phys_bits);
-
- page_offset_shift_patch(max_phys_bits);
}
static void __init tsb_phys_patch(void)
@@ -1731,7 +1753,6 @@ static void __init tsb_phys_patch(void)
#define NUM_KTSB_DESCR 1
#endif
static struct hv_tsb_descr ktsb_descr[NUM_KTSB_DESCR];
-extern struct tsb swapper_tsb[KERNEL_TSB_NENTRIES];
/* The swapper TSBs are loaded with a base sequence of:
*
@@ -2077,11 +2098,9 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
pmd = swapper_low_pmd_dir + (shift / sizeof(pmd_t));
pud_set(&swapper_pud_dir[0], pmd);
-
+
inherit_prom_mappings();
- init_kpte_bitmap();
-
/* Ok, we can use our TLB miss and window trap handlers safely. */
setup_tba();
@@ -2188,70 +2207,6 @@ int page_in_phys_avail(unsigned long paddr)
return 0;
}
-static struct linux_prom64_registers pavail_rescan[MAX_BANKS] __initdata;
-static int pavail_rescan_ents __initdata;
-
-/* Certain OBP calls, such as fetching "available" properties, can
- * claim physical memory. So, along with initializing the valid
- * address bitmap, what we do here is refetch the physical available
- * memory list again, and make sure it provides at least as much
- * memory as 'pavail' does.
- */
-static void __init setup_valid_addr_bitmap_from_pavail(unsigned long *bitmap)
-{
- int i;
-
- read_obp_memory("available", &pavail_rescan[0], &pavail_rescan_ents);
-
- for (i = 0; i < pavail_ents; i++) {
- unsigned long old_start, old_end;
-
- old_start = pavail[i].phys_addr;
- old_end = old_start + pavail[i].reg_size;
- while (old_start < old_end) {
- int n;
-
- for (n = 0; n < pavail_rescan_ents; n++) {
- unsigned long new_start, new_end;
-
- new_start = pavail_rescan[n].phys_addr;
- new_end = new_start +
- pavail_rescan[n].reg_size;
-
- if (new_start <= old_start &&
- new_end >= (old_start + PAGE_SIZE)) {
- set_bit(old_start >> ILOG2_4MB, bitmap);
- goto do_next_page;
- }
- }
-
- prom_printf("mem_init: Lost memory in pavail\n");
- prom_printf("mem_init: OLD start[%lx] size[%lx]\n",
- pavail[i].phys_addr,
- pavail[i].reg_size);
- prom_printf("mem_init: NEW start[%lx] size[%lx]\n",
- pavail_rescan[i].phys_addr,
- pavail_rescan[i].reg_size);
- prom_printf("mem_init: Cannot continue, aborting.\n");
- prom_halt();
-
- do_next_page:
- old_start += PAGE_SIZE;
- }
- }
-}
-
-static void __init patch_tlb_miss_handler_bitmap(void)
-{
- extern unsigned int valid_addr_bitmap_insn[];
- extern unsigned int valid_addr_bitmap_patch[];
-
- valid_addr_bitmap_insn[1] = valid_addr_bitmap_patch[1];
- mb();
- valid_addr_bitmap_insn[0] = valid_addr_bitmap_patch[0];
- flushi(&valid_addr_bitmap_insn[0]);
-}
-
static void __init register_page_bootmem_info(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
@@ -2264,18 +2219,6 @@ static void __init register_page_bootmem_info(void)
}
void __init mem_init(void)
{
- unsigned long addr, last;
-
- addr = PAGE_OFFSET + kern_base;
- last = PAGE_ALIGN(kern_size) + addr;
- while (addr < last) {
- set_bit(__pa(addr) >> ILOG2_4MB, sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap);
- addr += PAGE_SIZE;
- }
-
- setup_valid_addr_bitmap_from_pavail(sparc64_valid_addr_bitmap);
- patch_tlb_miss_handler_bitmap();
-
high_memory = __va(last_valid_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT);
register_page_bootmem_info();
diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.h b/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.h
index 0668b364f44d..29ff73fc96b4 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/mm/init_64.h
@@ -8,15 +8,8 @@
*/
#define MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS (1UL << MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS_BITS)
-#define KPTE_BITMAP_CHUNK_SZ (256UL * 1024UL * 1024UL)
-#define KPTE_BITMAP_BYTES \
- ((MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS / KPTE_BITMAP_CHUNK_SZ) / 4)
-#define VALID_ADDR_BITMAP_CHUNK_SZ (4UL * 1024UL * 1024UL)
-#define VALID_ADDR_BITMAP_BYTES \
- ((MAX_PHYS_ADDRESS / VALID_ADDR_BITMAP_CHUNK_SZ) / 8)
extern unsigned long kern_linear_pte_xor[4];
-extern unsigned long kpte_linear_bitmap[KPTE_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(unsigned long)];
extern unsigned int sparc64_highest_unlocked_tlb_ent;
extern unsigned long sparc64_kern_pri_context;
extern unsigned long sparc64_kern_pri_nuc_bits;