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authorMartin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org>2015-03-26 11:08:36 +0100
committerpopcornmix <popcornmix@gmail.com>2015-05-18 14:12:25 +0100
commit0ab89058b8c0d9dd5de1130b5cf16c39328bd6d5 (patch)
tree22f5f2f3639af81392c9cc2d88ca3fa64c1ffcb2 /drivers
parent2866f29b52047d5f4ab613f8d5c3da3b2b279feb (diff)
downloadlinux-0ab89058b8c0d9dd5de1130b5cf16c39328bd6d5.tar.gz
spi: bcm2835: move to the transfer_one driver model
This also allows for GPIO-CS to get used removing the limitation of 2/3 SPI devises on the SPI bus. Fixes: spi-cs-high with native CS with multiple devices on the spi-bus resetting the chip selects to "normal" polarity after a finished transfer. No other functionality/improvements added. Tested with the following 4 devices on the spi-bus: * mcp2515 with native CS * mcp2515 with gpio CS * fb_st7735r with native CS (plus spi-cs-high via transistor inverting polarity) * enc28j60 with gpio-CS Tested-by: Martin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org> Signed-off-by: Martin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
-rw-r--r--drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c212
1 files changed, 124 insertions, 88 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c b/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c
index 3f93718aad3f..31d80eb0671f 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 Chris Boot
* Copyright (C) 2013 Stephen Warren
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Martin Sperl
*
* This driver is inspired by:
* spi-ath79.c, Copyright (C) 2009-2011 Gabor Juhos <juhosg@openwrt.org>
@@ -29,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
@@ -76,10 +78,10 @@ struct bcm2835_spi {
void __iomem *regs;
struct clk *clk;
int irq;
- struct completion done;
const u8 *tx_buf;
u8 *rx_buf;
- int len;
+ int tx_len;
+ int rx_len;
};
static inline u32 bcm2835_rd(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, unsigned reg)
@@ -96,10 +98,12 @@ static inline void bcm2835_rd_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
u8 byte;
- while (bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD) {
+ while ((bs->rx_len) &&
+ (bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD)) {
byte = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
if (bs->rx_buf)
*bs->rx_buf++ = byte;
+ bs->rx_len--;
}
}
@@ -107,47 +111,60 @@ static inline void bcm2835_wr_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
u8 byte;
- while ((bs->len) &&
+ while ((bs->tx_len) &&
(bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_TXD)) {
byte = bs->tx_buf ? *bs->tx_buf++ : 0;
bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO, byte);
- bs->len--;
+ bs->tx_len--;
}
}
+static void bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(struct spi_master *master)
+{
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+ u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+
+ /* Disable SPI interrupts and transfer */
+ cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR |
+ BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD |
+ BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);
+ /* and reset RX/TX FIFOS */
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX;
+
+ /* and reset the SPI_HW */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
+}
+
static irqreturn_t bcm2835_spi_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct spi_master *master = dev_id;
struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
- u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
/* Read as many bytes as possible from FIFO */
bcm2835_rd_fifo(bs);
-
- if (bs->len) { /* there is more data to transmit */
- bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs);
- } else { /* Transfer complete */
- /* Disable SPI interrupts */
- cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD);
- bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
-
- /*
- * Wake up bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(), which will call
- * bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(), to drain the RX FIFO.
- */
- complete(&bs->done);
+ /* Write as many bytes as possible to FIFO */
+ bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs);
+
+ /* based on flags decide if we can finish the transfer */
+ if (bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE) {
+ /* Transfer complete - reset SPI HW */
+ bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
+ /* wake up the framework */
+ complete(&master->xfer_completion);
}
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
-static int bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
- struct spi_transfer *tfr)
+static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_master *master,
+ struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct spi_transfer *tfr)
{
- struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
+ struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
unsigned long spi_hz, clk_hz, cdiv;
- u32 cs = BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA;
+ u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+ /* set clock */
spi_hz = tfr->speed_hz;
clk_hz = clk_get_rate(bs->clk);
@@ -163,100 +180,118 @@ static int bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
} else {
cdiv = 0; /* 0 is the slowest we can go */
}
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CLK, cdiv);
+ /* handle all the modes */
if ((spi->mode & SPI_3WIRE) && (tfr->rx_buf))
cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_REN;
-
if (spi->mode & SPI_CPOL)
cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL;
if (spi->mode & SPI_CPHA)
cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA;
- if (!(spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS)) {
- if (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) {
- cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL;
- cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0 << spi->chip_select;
- }
-
- cs |= spi->chip_select;
- }
+ /* for gpio_cs set dummy CS so that no HW-CS get changed
+ * we can not run this in bcm2835_spi_set_cs, as it does
+ * not get called for cs_gpio cases, so we need to do it here
+ */
+ if (gpio_is_valid(spi->cs_gpio) || (spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS))
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01;
- reinit_completion(&bs->done);
+ /* set transmit buffers and length */
bs->tx_buf = tfr->tx_buf;
bs->rx_buf = tfr->rx_buf;
- bs->len = tfr->len;
+ bs->tx_len = tfr->len;
+ bs->rx_len = tfr->len;
- bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CLK, cdiv);
/*
* Enable the HW block. This will immediately trigger a DONE (TX
* empty) interrupt, upon which we will fill the TX FIFO with the
* first TX bytes. Pre-filling the TX FIFO here to avoid the
* interrupt doesn't work:-(
*/
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA;
bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
- return 0;
+ /* signal that we need to wait for completion */
+ return 1;
}
-static int bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
- struct spi_transfer *tfr,
- bool cs_change)
+static void bcm2835_spi_handle_err(struct spi_master *master,
+ struct spi_message *msg)
{
- struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->master);
- u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
-
- if (tfr->delay_usecs)
- udelay(tfr->delay_usecs);
-
- if (cs_change)
- /* Clear TA flag */
- bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs & ~BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);
-
- return 0;
+ bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
}
-static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_master *master,
- struct spi_message *mesg)
+static void bcm2835_spi_set_cs(struct spi_device *spi, bool gpio_level)
{
+ /*
+ * we can assume that we are "native" as per spi_set_cs
+ * calling us ONLY when cs_gpio is not set
+ * we can also assume that we are CS < 3 as per bcm2835_spi_setup
+ * we would not get called because of error handling there.
+ * the level passed is the electrical level not enabled/disabled
+ * so it has to get translated back to enable/disable
+ * see spi_set_cs in spi.c for the implementation
+ */
+
+ struct spi_master *master = spi->master;
struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
- struct spi_transfer *tfr;
- struct spi_device *spi = mesg->spi;
- int err = 0;
- unsigned int timeout;
- bool cs_change;
-
- list_for_each_entry(tfr, &mesg->transfers, transfer_list) {
- err = bcm2835_spi_start_transfer(spi, tfr);
- if (err)
- goto out;
-
- timeout = wait_for_completion_timeout(
- &bs->done,
- msecs_to_jiffies(BCM2835_SPI_TIMEOUT_MS)
- );
- if (!timeout) {
- err = -ETIMEDOUT;
- goto out;
- }
+ u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
+ bool enable;
- cs_change = tfr->cs_change ||
- list_is_last(&tfr->transfer_list, &mesg->transfers);
+ /* calculate the enable flag from the passed gpio_level */
+ enable = (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) ? gpio_level : !gpio_level;
- err = bcm2835_spi_finish_transfer(spi, tfr, cs_change);
- if (err)
- goto out;
+ /* set flags for "reverse" polarity in the registers */
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) {
+ /* set the correct CS-bits */
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL;
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0 << spi->chip_select;
+ } else {
+ /* clean the CS-bits */
+ cs &= ~BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL;
+ cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0 << spi->chip_select);
+ }
- mesg->actual_length += (tfr->len - bs->len);
+ /* select the correct chip_select depending on disabled/enabled */
+ if (enable) {
+ /* set cs correctly */
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS) {
+ /* use the "undefined" chip-select */
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01;
+ } else {
+ /* set the chip select */
+ cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01);
+ cs |= spi->chip_select;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* disable CSPOL which puts HW-CS into deselected state */
+ cs &= ~BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL;
+ /* use the "undefined" chip-select as precaution */
+ cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01;
}
-out:
- /* Clear FIFOs, and disable the HW block */
- bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
- BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);
- mesg->status = err;
- spi_finalize_current_message(master);
+ /* finally set the calculated flags in SPI_CS */
+ bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
+}
- return 0;
+static int bcm2835_spi_setup(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ /*
+ * sanity checking the native-chipselects
+ */
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS)
+ return 0;
+ if (gpio_is_valid(spi->cs_gpio))
+ return 0;
+ if (spi->chip_select < 3)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* error in the case of native CS requested with CS-id > 2 */
+ dev_err(&spi->dev,
+ "setup: only three native chip-selects are supported\n"
+ );
+ return -EINVAL;
}
static int bcm2835_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
@@ -277,13 +312,14 @@ static int bcm2835_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
master->mode_bits = BCM2835_SPI_MODE_BITS;
master->bits_per_word_mask = SPI_BPW_MASK(8);
master->num_chipselect = 3;
- master->transfer_one_message = bcm2835_spi_transfer_one;
+ master->setup = bcm2835_spi_setup;
+ master->set_cs = bcm2835_spi_set_cs;
+ master->transfer_one = bcm2835_spi_transfer_one;
+ //master->handle_err = bcm2835_spi_handle_err;
master->dev.of_node = pdev->dev.of_node;
bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
- init_completion(&bs->done);
-
res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
bs->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
if (IS_ERR(bs->regs)) {
@@ -314,7 +350,7 @@ static int bcm2835_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
goto out_clk_disable;
}
- /* initialise the hardware */
+ /* initialise the hardware with the default polarities */
bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);