summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/kernel
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorVivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>2014-08-08 14:26:04 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-08-08 15:57:32 -0700
commit12db5562e0352986a265841638482b84f3a6899b (patch)
tree533100da8331131037128616b3f9d501c07a6def /kernel
parent8fc5b4d4121c95482b2583a07863c6b0aba2d9e1 (diff)
downloadlinux-12db5562e0352986a265841638482b84f3a6899b.tar.gz
kexec: load and relocate purgatory at kernel load time
Load purgatory code in RAM and relocate it based on the location. Relocation code has been inspired by module relocation code and purgatory relocation code in kexec-tools. Also compute the checksums of loaded kexec segments and store them in purgatory. Arch independent code provides this functionality so that arch dependent bootloaders can make use of it. Helper functions are provided to get/set symbol values in purgatory which are used by bootloaders later to set things like stack and entry point of second kernel etc. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: WANG Chao <chaowang@redhat.com> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/kexec.c544
1 files changed, 543 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 9b46219254dd..669e331aa9ec 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -42,6 +42,9 @@
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <crypto/sha.h>
+
/* Per cpu memory for storing cpu states in case of system crash. */
note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes;
@@ -54,6 +57,15 @@ size_t vmcoreinfo_max_size = sizeof(vmcoreinfo_data);
/* Flag to indicate we are going to kexec a new kernel */
bool kexec_in_progress = false;
+/*
+ * Declare these symbols weak so that if architecture provides a purgatory,
+ * these will be overridden.
+ */
+char __weak kexec_purgatory[0];
+size_t __weak kexec_purgatory_size = 0;
+
+static int kexec_calculate_store_digests(struct kimage *image);
+
/* Location of the reserved area for the crash kernel */
struct resource crashk_res = {
.name = "Crash kernel",
@@ -404,6 +416,24 @@ void __weak arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
{
}
+/* Apply relocations of type RELA */
+int __weak
+arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ unsigned int relsec)
+{
+ pr_err("RELA relocation unsupported.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+}
+
+/* Apply relocations of type REL */
+int __weak
+arch_kexec_apply_relocations(const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ unsigned int relsec)
+{
+ pr_err("REL relocation unsupported.\n");
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+}
+
/*
* Free up memory used by kernel, initrd, and comand line. This is temporary
* memory allocation which is not needed any more after these buffers have
@@ -411,6 +441,8 @@ void __weak arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
*/
static void kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
{
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+
vfree(image->kernel_buf);
image->kernel_buf = NULL;
@@ -420,6 +452,12 @@ static void kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
kfree(image->cmdline_buf);
image->cmdline_buf = NULL;
+ vfree(pi->purgatory_buf);
+ pi->purgatory_buf = NULL;
+
+ vfree(pi->sechdrs);
+ pi->sechdrs = NULL;
+
/* See if architecture has anything to cleanup post load */
arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(image);
}
@@ -1105,7 +1143,7 @@ static int kimage_load_crash_segment(struct kimage *image,
}
ubytes -= uchunk;
maddr += mchunk;
- buf += mchunk;
+ buf += mchunk;
mbytes -= mchunk;
}
out:
@@ -1340,6 +1378,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(kexec_file_load, int, kernel_fd, int, initrd_fd,
if (ret)
goto out;
+ ret = kexec_calculate_store_digests(image);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
for (i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
struct kexec_segment *ksegment;
@@ -2092,6 +2134,506 @@ int kexec_add_buffer(struct kimage *image, char *buffer, unsigned long bufsz,
return 0;
}
+/* Calculate and store the digest of segments */
+static int kexec_calculate_store_digests(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ struct crypto_shash *tfm;
+ struct shash_desc *desc;
+ int ret = 0, i, j, zero_buf_sz, sha_region_sz;
+ size_t desc_size, nullsz;
+ char *digest;
+ void *zero_buf;
+ struct kexec_sha_region *sha_regions;
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+
+ zero_buf = __va(page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ zero_buf_sz = PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ tfm = crypto_alloc_shash("sha256", 0, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(tfm)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(tfm);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ desc_size = crypto_shash_descsize(tfm) + sizeof(*desc);
+ desc = kzalloc(desc_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!desc) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out_free_tfm;
+ }
+
+ sha_region_sz = KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX * sizeof(struct kexec_sha_region);
+ sha_regions = vzalloc(sha_region_sz);
+ if (!sha_regions)
+ goto out_free_desc;
+
+ desc->tfm = tfm;
+ desc->flags = 0;
+
+ ret = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out_free_sha_regions;
+
+ digest = kzalloc(SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!digest) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out_free_sha_regions;
+ }
+
+ for (j = i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
+ struct kexec_segment *ksegment;
+
+ ksegment = &image->segment[i];
+ /*
+ * Skip purgatory as it will be modified once we put digest
+ * info in purgatory.
+ */
+ if (ksegment->kbuf == pi->purgatory_buf)
+ continue;
+
+ ret = crypto_shash_update(desc, ksegment->kbuf,
+ ksegment->bufsz);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * Assume rest of the buffer is filled with zero and
+ * update digest accordingly.
+ */
+ nullsz = ksegment->memsz - ksegment->bufsz;
+ while (nullsz) {
+ unsigned long bytes = nullsz;
+
+ if (bytes > zero_buf_sz)
+ bytes = zero_buf_sz;
+ ret = crypto_shash_update(desc, zero_buf, bytes);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ nullsz -= bytes;
+ }
+
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ sha_regions[j].start = ksegment->mem;
+ sha_regions[j].len = ksegment->memsz;
+ j++;
+ }
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ ret = crypto_shash_final(desc, digest);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_free_digest;
+ ret = kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(image, "sha_regions",
+ sha_regions, sha_region_sz, 0);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_free_digest;
+
+ ret = kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(image, "sha256_digest",
+ digest, SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE, 0);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_free_digest;
+ }
+
+out_free_digest:
+ kfree(digest);
+out_free_sha_regions:
+ vfree(sha_regions);
+out_free_desc:
+ kfree(desc);
+out_free_tfm:
+ kfree(tfm);
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Actually load purgatory. Lot of code taken from kexec-tools */
+static int __kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, unsigned long min,
+ unsigned long max, int top_down)
+{
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+ unsigned long align, buf_align, bss_align, buf_sz, bss_sz, bss_pad;
+ unsigned long memsz, entry, load_addr, curr_load_addr, bss_addr, offset;
+ unsigned char *buf_addr, *src;
+ int i, ret = 0, entry_sidx = -1;
+ const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs_c;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs = NULL;
+ void *purgatory_buf = NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * sechdrs_c points to section headers in purgatory and are read
+ * only. No modifications allowed.
+ */
+ sechdrs_c = (void *)pi->ehdr + pi->ehdr->e_shoff;
+
+ /*
+ * We can not modify sechdrs_c[] and its fields. It is read only.
+ * Copy it over to a local copy where one can store some temporary
+ * data and free it at the end. We need to modify ->sh_addr and
+ * ->sh_offset fields to keep track of permanent and temporary
+ * locations of sections.
+ */
+ sechdrs = vzalloc(pi->ehdr->e_shnum * sizeof(Elf_Shdr));
+ if (!sechdrs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memcpy(sechdrs, sechdrs_c, pi->ehdr->e_shnum * sizeof(Elf_Shdr));
+
+ /*
+ * We seem to have multiple copies of sections. First copy is which
+ * is embedded in kernel in read only section. Some of these sections
+ * will be copied to a temporary buffer and relocated. And these
+ * sections will finally be copied to their final destination at
+ * segment load time.
+ *
+ * Use ->sh_offset to reflect section address in memory. It will
+ * point to original read only copy if section is not allocatable.
+ * Otherwise it will point to temporary copy which will be relocated.
+ *
+ * Use ->sh_addr to contain final address of the section where it
+ * will go during execution time.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < pi->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type == SHT_NOBITS)
+ continue;
+
+ sechdrs[i].sh_offset = (unsigned long)pi->ehdr +
+ sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Identify entry point section and make entry relative to section
+ * start.
+ */
+ entry = pi->ehdr->e_entry;
+ for (i = 0; i < pi->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (!(sechdrs[i].sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC))
+ continue;
+
+ if (!(sechdrs[i].sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ continue;
+
+ /* Make entry section relative */
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_addr <= pi->ehdr->e_entry &&
+ ((sechdrs[i].sh_addr + sechdrs[i].sh_size) >
+ pi->ehdr->e_entry)) {
+ entry_sidx = i;
+ entry -= sechdrs[i].sh_addr;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Determine how much memory is needed to load relocatable object. */
+ buf_align = 1;
+ bss_align = 1;
+ buf_sz = 0;
+ bss_sz = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < pi->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (!(sechdrs[i].sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC))
+ continue;
+
+ align = sechdrs[i].sh_addralign;
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
+ if (buf_align < align)
+ buf_align = align;
+ buf_sz = ALIGN(buf_sz, align);
+ buf_sz += sechdrs[i].sh_size;
+ } else {
+ /* bss section */
+ if (bss_align < align)
+ bss_align = align;
+ bss_sz = ALIGN(bss_sz, align);
+ bss_sz += sechdrs[i].sh_size;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Determine the bss padding required to align bss properly */
+ bss_pad = 0;
+ if (buf_sz & (bss_align - 1))
+ bss_pad = bss_align - (buf_sz & (bss_align - 1));
+
+ memsz = buf_sz + bss_pad + bss_sz;
+
+ /* Allocate buffer for purgatory */
+ purgatory_buf = vzalloc(buf_sz);
+ if (!purgatory_buf) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (buf_align < bss_align)
+ buf_align = bss_align;
+
+ /* Add buffer to segment list */
+ ret = kexec_add_buffer(image, purgatory_buf, buf_sz, memsz,
+ buf_align, min, max, top_down,
+ &pi->purgatory_load_addr);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Load SHF_ALLOC sections */
+ buf_addr = purgatory_buf;
+ load_addr = curr_load_addr = pi->purgatory_load_addr;
+ bss_addr = load_addr + buf_sz + bss_pad;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < pi->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (!(sechdrs[i].sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC))
+ continue;
+
+ align = sechdrs[i].sh_addralign;
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
+ curr_load_addr = ALIGN(curr_load_addr, align);
+ offset = curr_load_addr - load_addr;
+ /* We already modifed ->sh_offset to keep src addr */
+ src = (char *) sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+ memcpy(buf_addr + offset, src, sechdrs[i].sh_size);
+
+ /* Store load address and source address of section */
+ sechdrs[i].sh_addr = curr_load_addr;
+
+ /*
+ * This section got copied to temporary buffer. Update
+ * ->sh_offset accordingly.
+ */
+ sechdrs[i].sh_offset = (unsigned long)(buf_addr + offset);
+
+ /* Advance to the next address */
+ curr_load_addr += sechdrs[i].sh_size;
+ } else {
+ bss_addr = ALIGN(bss_addr, align);
+ sechdrs[i].sh_addr = bss_addr;
+ bss_addr += sechdrs[i].sh_size;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Update entry point based on load address of text section */
+ if (entry_sidx >= 0)
+ entry += sechdrs[entry_sidx].sh_addr;
+
+ /* Make kernel jump to purgatory after shutdown */
+ image->start = entry;
+
+ /* Used later to get/set symbol values */
+ pi->sechdrs = sechdrs;
+
+ /*
+ * Used later to identify which section is purgatory and skip it
+ * from checksumming.
+ */
+ pi->purgatory_buf = purgatory_buf;
+ return ret;
+out:
+ vfree(sechdrs);
+ vfree(purgatory_buf);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int kexec_apply_relocations(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ int i, ret;
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs = pi->sechdrs;
+
+ /* Apply relocations */
+ for (i = 0; i < pi->ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ Elf_Shdr *section, *symtab;
+
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_RELA &&
+ sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_REL)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * For section of type SHT_RELA/SHT_REL,
+ * ->sh_link contains section header index of associated
+ * symbol table. And ->sh_info contains section header
+ * index of section to which relocations apply.
+ */
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_info >= pi->ehdr->e_shnum ||
+ sechdrs[i].sh_link >= pi->ehdr->e_shnum)
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+
+ section = &sechdrs[sechdrs[i].sh_info];
+ symtab = &sechdrs[sechdrs[i].sh_link];
+
+ if (!(section->sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * symtab->sh_link contain section header index of associated
+ * string table.
+ */
+ if (symtab->sh_link >= pi->ehdr->e_shnum)
+ /* Invalid section number? */
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Respective archicture needs to provide support for applying
+ * relocations of type SHT_RELA/SHT_REL.
+ */
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type == SHT_RELA)
+ ret = arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(pi->ehdr,
+ sechdrs, i);
+ else if (sechdrs[i].sh_type == SHT_REL)
+ ret = arch_kexec_apply_relocations(pi->ehdr,
+ sechdrs, i);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Load relocatable purgatory object and relocate it appropriately */
+int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, unsigned long min,
+ unsigned long max, int top_down,
+ unsigned long *load_addr)
+{
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (kexec_purgatory_size <= 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (kexec_purgatory_size < sizeof(Elf_Ehdr))
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+
+ pi->ehdr = (Elf_Ehdr *)kexec_purgatory;
+
+ if (memcmp(pi->ehdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0
+ || pi->ehdr->e_type != ET_REL
+ || !elf_check_arch(pi->ehdr)
+ || pi->ehdr->e_shentsize != sizeof(Elf_Shdr))
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+
+ if (pi->ehdr->e_shoff >= kexec_purgatory_size
+ || (pi->ehdr->e_shnum * sizeof(Elf_Shdr) >
+ kexec_purgatory_size - pi->ehdr->e_shoff))
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+
+ ret = __kexec_load_purgatory(image, min, max, top_down);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = kexec_apply_relocations(image);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ *load_addr = pi->purgatory_load_addr;
+ return 0;
+out:
+ vfree(pi->sechdrs);
+ vfree(pi->purgatory_buf);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static Elf_Sym *kexec_purgatory_find_symbol(struct purgatory_info *pi,
+ const char *name)
+{
+ Elf_Sym *syms;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs;
+ Elf_Ehdr *ehdr;
+ int i, k;
+ const char *strtab;
+
+ if (!pi->sechdrs || !pi->ehdr)
+ return NULL;
+
+ sechdrs = pi->sechdrs;
+ ehdr = pi->ehdr;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_SYMTAB)
+ continue;
+
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_link >= ehdr->e_shnum)
+ /* Invalid strtab section number */
+ continue;
+ strtab = (char *)sechdrs[sechdrs[i].sh_link].sh_offset;
+ syms = (Elf_Sym *)sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+
+ /* Go through symbols for a match */
+ for (k = 0; k < sechdrs[i].sh_size/sizeof(Elf_Sym); k++) {
+ if (ELF_ST_BIND(syms[k].st_info) != STB_GLOBAL)
+ continue;
+
+ if (strcmp(strtab + syms[k].st_name, name) != 0)
+ continue;
+
+ if (syms[k].st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF ||
+ syms[k].st_shndx >= ehdr->e_shnum) {
+ pr_debug("Symbol: %s has bad section index %d.\n",
+ name, syms[k].st_shndx);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* Found the symbol we are looking for */
+ return &syms[k];
+ }
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name)
+{
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+ Elf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdr;
+
+ sym = kexec_purgatory_find_symbol(pi, name);
+ if (!sym)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ sechdr = &pi->sechdrs[sym->st_shndx];
+
+ /*
+ * Returns the address where symbol will finally be loaded after
+ * kexec_load_segment()
+ */
+ return (void *)(sechdr->sh_addr + sym->st_value);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get or set value of a symbol. If "get_value" is true, symbol value is
+ * returned in buf otherwise symbol value is set based on value in buf.
+ */
+int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name,
+ void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value)
+{
+ Elf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs;
+ struct purgatory_info *pi = &image->purgatory_info;
+ char *sym_buf;
+
+ sym = kexec_purgatory_find_symbol(pi, name);
+ if (!sym)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (sym->st_size != size) {
+ pr_err("symbol %s size mismatch: expected %lu actual %u\n",
+ name, (unsigned long)sym->st_size, size);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ sechdrs = pi->sechdrs;
+
+ if (sechdrs[sym->st_shndx].sh_type == SHT_NOBITS) {
+ pr_err("symbol %s is in a bss section. Cannot %s\n", name,
+ get_value ? "get" : "set");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ sym_buf = (unsigned char *)sechdrs[sym->st_shndx].sh_offset +
+ sym->st_value;
+
+ if (get_value)
+ memcpy((void *)buf, sym_buf, size);
+ else
+ memcpy((void *)sym_buf, buf, size);
+
+ return 0;
+}
/*
* Move into place and start executing a preloaded standalone