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authorVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>2016-03-15 14:56:08 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-03-15 16:55:16 -0700
commit60f30350fd69a3e4d5f0f45937d3274c22565134 (patch)
treeb42539b875ffb9e71309f125cf0034c6992dc9b1 /mm/page_owner.c
parenta0795cd416d1142117695f932a9690611ae0edbb (diff)
downloadlinux-60f30350fd69a3e4d5f0f45937d3274c22565134.tar.gz
mm, page_owner: print migratetype of page and pageblock, symbolic flags
The information in /sys/kernel/debug/page_owner includes the migratetype of the pageblock the page belongs to. This is also checked against the page's migratetype (as declared by gfp_flags during its allocation), and the page is reported as Fallback if its migratetype differs from the pageblock's one. t This is somewhat misleading because in fact fallback allocation is not the only reason why these two can differ. It also doesn't direcly provide the page's migratetype, although it's possible to derive that from the gfp_flags. It's arguably better to print both page and pageblock's migratetype and leave the interpretation to the consumer than to suggest fallback allocation as the only possible reason. While at it, we can print the migratetypes as string the same way as /proc/pagetypeinfo does, as some of the numeric values depend on kernel configuration. For that, this patch moves the migratetype_names array from #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS part of mm/vmstat.c to mm/page_alloc.c and exports it. With the new format strings for flags, we can now also provide symbolic page and gfp flags in the /sys/kernel/debug/page_owner file. This replaces the positional printing of page flags as single letters, which might have looked nicer, but was limited to a subset of flags, and required the user to remember the letters. Example page_owner entry after the patch: Page allocated via order 0, mask 0x24213ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|__GFP_COLD|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_NORETRY) PFN 520 type Movable Block 1 type Movable Flags 0xfffff8001006c(referenced|uptodate|lru|active|mappedtodisk) [<ffffffff811682c4>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x134/0x230 [<ffffffff811b4058>] alloc_pages_current+0x88/0x120 [<ffffffff8115e386>] __page_cache_alloc+0xe6/0x120 [<ffffffff8116ba6c>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0xdc/0x240 [<ffffffff8116bd05>] ondemand_readahead+0x135/0x260 [<ffffffff8116bfb1>] page_cache_sync_readahead+0x31/0x50 [<ffffffff81160523>] generic_file_read_iter+0x453/0x760 [<ffffffff811e0d57>] __vfs_read+0xa7/0xd0 Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/page_owner.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/page_owner.c24
1 files changed, 7 insertions, 17 deletions
diff --git a/mm/page_owner.c b/mm/page_owner.c
index 983c3a10fa07..7a37a30d941b 100644
--- a/mm/page_owner.c
+++ b/mm/page_owner.c
@@ -100,8 +100,9 @@ print_page_owner(char __user *buf, size_t count, unsigned long pfn,
return -ENOMEM;
ret = snprintf(kbuf, count,
- "Page allocated via order %u, mask 0x%x\n",
- page_ext->order, page_ext->gfp_mask);
+ "Page allocated via order %u, mask %#x(%pGg)\n",
+ page_ext->order, page_ext->gfp_mask,
+ &page_ext->gfp_mask);
if (ret >= count)
goto err;
@@ -110,23 +111,12 @@ print_page_owner(char __user *buf, size_t count, unsigned long pfn,
pageblock_mt = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
page_mt = gfpflags_to_migratetype(page_ext->gfp_mask);
ret += snprintf(kbuf + ret, count - ret,
- "PFN %lu Block %lu type %d %s Flags %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s\n",
+ "PFN %lu type %s Block %lu type %s Flags %#lx(%pGp)\n",
pfn,
+ migratetype_names[page_mt],
pfn >> pageblock_order,
- pageblock_mt,
- pageblock_mt != page_mt ? "Fallback" : " ",
- PageLocked(page) ? "K" : " ",
- PageError(page) ? "E" : " ",
- PageReferenced(page) ? "R" : " ",
- PageUptodate(page) ? "U" : " ",
- PageDirty(page) ? "D" : " ",
- PageLRU(page) ? "L" : " ",
- PageActive(page) ? "A" : " ",
- PageSlab(page) ? "S" : " ",
- PageWriteback(page) ? "W" : " ",
- PageCompound(page) ? "C" : " ",
- PageSwapCache(page) ? "B" : " ",
- PageMappedToDisk(page) ? "M" : " ");
+ migratetype_names[pageblock_mt],
+ page->flags, &page->flags);
if (ret >= count)
goto err;