path: root/mm/page_owner.c
diff options
authorVlastimil Babka <>2016-03-15 14:56:18 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2016-03-15 16:55:16 -0700
commit7cd12b4abfd2f8f42414c520bbd051a5b7dc7a8c (patch)
treeaddc9efb62517cb685561fc50d9645bfd9a0b30a /mm/page_owner.c
parentd435edca928805074dae005ab9a42d9fa60fc702 (diff)
mm, page_owner: track and print last migrate reason
During migration, page_owner info is now copied with the rest of the page, so the stacktrace leading to free page allocation during migration is overwritten. For debugging purposes, it might be however useful to know that the page has been migrated since its initial allocation. This might happen many times during the lifetime for different reasons and fully tracking this, especially with stacktraces would incur extra memory costs. As a compromise, store and print the migrate_reason of the last migration that occurred to the page. This is enough to distinguish compaction, numa balancing etc. Example page_owner entry after the patch: Page allocated via order 0, mask 0x24200ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE) PFN 628753 type Movable Block 1228 type Movable Flags 0x1fffff80040030(dirty|lru|swapbacked) [<ffffffff811682c4>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x134/0x230 [<ffffffff811b6325>] alloc_pages_vma+0xb5/0x250 [<ffffffff81177491>] shmem_alloc_page+0x61/0x90 [<ffffffff8117a438>] shmem_getpage_gfp+0x678/0x960 [<ffffffff8117c2b9>] shmem_fallocate+0x329/0x440 [<ffffffff811de600>] vfs_fallocate+0x140/0x230 [<ffffffff811df434>] SyS_fallocate+0x44/0x70 [<ffffffff8158cc2e>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71 Page has been migrated, last migrate reason: compaction Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <> Cc: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Sasha Levin <> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/page_owner.c')
1 files changed, 17 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/page_owner.c b/mm/page_owner.c
index 774b55623212..a57068cfe52f 100644
--- a/mm/page_owner.c
+++ b/mm/page_owner.c
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/page_owner.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include "internal.h"
static bool page_owner_disabled = true;
@@ -73,10 +74,18 @@ void __set_page_owner(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
page_ext->order = order;
page_ext->gfp_mask = gfp_mask;
page_ext->nr_entries = trace.nr_entries;
+ page_ext->last_migrate_reason = -1;
__set_bit(PAGE_EXT_OWNER, &page_ext->flags);
+void __set_page_owner_migrate_reason(struct page *page, int reason)
+ struct page_ext *page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
+ page_ext->last_migrate_reason = reason;
gfp_t __get_page_owner_gfp(struct page *page)
struct page_ext *page_ext = lookup_page_ext(page);
@@ -151,6 +160,14 @@ print_page_owner(char __user *buf, size_t count, unsigned long pfn,
if (ret >= count)
goto err;
+ if (page_ext->last_migrate_reason != -1) {
+ ret += snprintf(kbuf + ret, count - ret,
+ "Page has been migrated, last migrate reason: %s\n",
+ migrate_reason_names[page_ext->last_migrate_reason]);
+ if (ret >= count)
+ goto err;
+ }
ret += snprintf(kbuf + ret, count - ret, "\n");
if (ret >= count)
goto err;