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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-12-01 15:06:39 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-12-05 21:47:34 -0800
commitfbe3310840c65f3cf97dd90d23e177d061c376f2 (patch)
treeee28163a6c53e0131fd2d3d626d02b0610eaed2b /samples/bpf
parenta80857822b0c2ed608c93504bd3687b78f20c619 (diff)
downloadlinux-fbe3310840c65f3cf97dd90d23e177d061c376f2.tar.gz
samples: bpf: large eBPF program in C
sockex2_kern.c is purposefully large eBPF program in C. llvm compiles ~200 lines of C code into ~300 eBPF instructions. It's similar to __skb_flow_dissect() to demonstrate that complex packet parsing can be done by eBPF. Then it uses (struct flow_keys)->dst IP address (or hash of ipv6 dst) to keep stats of number of packets per IP. User space loads eBPF program, attaches it to loopback interface and prints dest_ip->#packets stats every second. Usage: $sudo samples/bpf/sockex2 ip 127.0.0.1 count 19 ip 127.0.0.1 count 178115 ip 127.0.0.1 count 369437 ip 127.0.0.1 count 559841 ip 127.0.0.1 count 750539 Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples/bpf')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/sockex2_kern.c215
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/sockex2_user.c44
3 files changed, 263 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index 770d145186c3..b5b3600dcdf5 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -5,20 +5,24 @@ obj- := dummy.o
hostprogs-y := test_verifier test_maps
hostprogs-y += sock_example
hostprogs-y += sockex1
+hostprogs-y += sockex2
test_verifier-objs := test_verifier.o libbpf.o
test_maps-objs := test_maps.o libbpf.o
sock_example-objs := sock_example.o libbpf.o
sockex1-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o sockex1_user.o
+sockex2-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o sockex2_user.o
# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
always := $(hostprogs-y)
always += sockex1_kern.o
+always += sockex2_kern.o
HOSTCFLAGS += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
HOSTCFLAGS_bpf_load.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include -Wno-unused-variable
HOSTLOADLIBES_sockex1 += -lelf
+HOSTLOADLIBES_sockex2 += -lelf
# point this to your LLVM backend with bpf support
LLC=$(srctree)/tools/bpf/llvm/bld/Debug+Asserts/bin/llc
diff --git a/samples/bpf/sockex2_kern.c b/samples/bpf/sockex2_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6f0135f0f217
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/sockex2_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,215 @@
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+#include <uapi/linux/in.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/if.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/ip.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/ipv6.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/if_tunnel.h>
+#define IP_MF 0x2000
+#define IP_OFFSET 0x1FFF
+
+struct vlan_hdr {
+ __be16 h_vlan_TCI;
+ __be16 h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+};
+
+struct flow_keys {
+ __be32 src;
+ __be32 dst;
+ union {
+ __be32 ports;
+ __be16 port16[2];
+ };
+ __u16 thoff;
+ __u8 ip_proto;
+};
+
+static inline int proto_ports_offset(__u64 proto)
+{
+ switch (proto) {
+ case IPPROTO_TCP:
+ case IPPROTO_UDP:
+ case IPPROTO_DCCP:
+ case IPPROTO_ESP:
+ case IPPROTO_SCTP:
+ case IPPROTO_UDPLITE:
+ return 0;
+ case IPPROTO_AH:
+ return 4;
+ default:
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline int ip_is_fragment(struct sk_buff *ctx, __u64 nhoff)
+{
+ return load_half(ctx, nhoff + offsetof(struct iphdr, frag_off))
+ & (IP_MF | IP_OFFSET);
+}
+
+static inline __u32 ipv6_addr_hash(struct sk_buff *ctx, __u64 off)
+{
+ __u64 w0 = load_word(ctx, off);
+ __u64 w1 = load_word(ctx, off + 4);
+ __u64 w2 = load_word(ctx, off + 8);
+ __u64 w3 = load_word(ctx, off + 12);
+
+ return (__u32)(w0 ^ w1 ^ w2 ^ w3);
+}
+
+static inline __u64 parse_ip(struct sk_buff *skb, __u64 nhoff, __u64 *ip_proto,
+ struct flow_keys *flow)
+{
+ __u64 verlen;
+
+ if (unlikely(ip_is_fragment(skb, nhoff)))
+ *ip_proto = 0;
+ else
+ *ip_proto = load_byte(skb, nhoff + offsetof(struct iphdr, protocol));
+
+ if (*ip_proto != IPPROTO_GRE) {
+ flow->src = load_word(skb, nhoff + offsetof(struct iphdr, saddr));
+ flow->dst = load_word(skb, nhoff + offsetof(struct iphdr, daddr));
+ }
+
+ verlen = load_byte(skb, nhoff + 0/*offsetof(struct iphdr, ihl)*/);
+ if (likely(verlen == 0x45))
+ nhoff += 20;
+ else
+ nhoff += (verlen & 0xF) << 2;
+
+ return nhoff;
+}
+
+static inline __u64 parse_ipv6(struct sk_buff *skb, __u64 nhoff, __u64 *ip_proto,
+ struct flow_keys *flow)
+{
+ *ip_proto = load_byte(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct ipv6hdr, nexthdr));
+ flow->src = ipv6_addr_hash(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct ipv6hdr, saddr));
+ flow->dst = ipv6_addr_hash(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct ipv6hdr, daddr));
+ nhoff += sizeof(struct ipv6hdr);
+
+ return nhoff;
+}
+
+static inline bool flow_dissector(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow)
+{
+ __u64 nhoff = ETH_HLEN;
+ __u64 ip_proto;
+ __u64 proto = load_half(skb, 12);
+ int poff;
+
+ if (proto == ETH_P_8021AD) {
+ proto = load_half(skb, nhoff + offsetof(struct vlan_hdr,
+ h_vlan_encapsulated_proto));
+ nhoff += sizeof(struct vlan_hdr);
+ }
+
+ if (proto == ETH_P_8021Q) {
+ proto = load_half(skb, nhoff + offsetof(struct vlan_hdr,
+ h_vlan_encapsulated_proto));
+ nhoff += sizeof(struct vlan_hdr);
+ }
+
+ if (likely(proto == ETH_P_IP))
+ nhoff = parse_ip(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ else if (proto == ETH_P_IPV6)
+ nhoff = parse_ipv6(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ else
+ return false;
+
+ switch (ip_proto) {
+ case IPPROTO_GRE: {
+ struct gre_hdr {
+ __be16 flags;
+ __be16 proto;
+ };
+
+ __u64 gre_flags = load_half(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct gre_hdr, flags));
+ __u64 gre_proto = load_half(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct gre_hdr, proto));
+
+ if (gre_flags & (GRE_VERSION|GRE_ROUTING))
+ break;
+
+ proto = gre_proto;
+ nhoff += 4;
+ if (gre_flags & GRE_CSUM)
+ nhoff += 4;
+ if (gre_flags & GRE_KEY)
+ nhoff += 4;
+ if (gre_flags & GRE_SEQ)
+ nhoff += 4;
+
+ if (proto == ETH_P_8021Q) {
+ proto = load_half(skb,
+ nhoff + offsetof(struct vlan_hdr,
+ h_vlan_encapsulated_proto));
+ nhoff += sizeof(struct vlan_hdr);
+ }
+
+ if (proto == ETH_P_IP)
+ nhoff = parse_ip(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ else if (proto == ETH_P_IPV6)
+ nhoff = parse_ipv6(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ else
+ return false;
+ break;
+ }
+ case IPPROTO_IPIP:
+ nhoff = parse_ip(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ break;
+ case IPPROTO_IPV6:
+ nhoff = parse_ipv6(skb, nhoff, &ip_proto, flow);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ flow->ip_proto = ip_proto;
+ poff = proto_ports_offset(ip_proto);
+ if (poff >= 0) {
+ nhoff += poff;
+ flow->ports = load_word(skb, nhoff);
+ }
+
+ flow->thoff = (__u16) nhoff;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") hash_map = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+ .key_size = sizeof(__be32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(long),
+ .max_entries = 1024,
+};
+
+SEC("socket2")
+int bpf_prog2(struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ struct flow_keys flow;
+ long *value;
+ u32 key;
+
+ if (!flow_dissector(skb, &flow))
+ return 0;
+
+ key = flow.dst;
+ value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&hash_map, &key);
+ if (value) {
+ __sync_fetch_and_add(value, 1);
+ } else {
+ long val = 1;
+
+ bpf_map_update_elem(&hash_map, &key, &val, BPF_ANY);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
diff --git a/samples/bpf/sockex2_user.c b/samples/bpf/sockex2_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d2d5f5a790d3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/sockex2_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include "libbpf.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+
+int main(int ac, char **argv)
+{
+ char filename[256];
+ FILE *f;
+ int i, sock;
+
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
+
+ if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
+ printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ sock = open_raw_sock("lo");
+
+ assert(setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ATTACH_BPF, prog_fd,
+ sizeof(prog_fd[0])) == 0);
+
+ f = popen("ping -c5 localhost", "r");
+ (void) f;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
+ int key = 0, next_key;
+ long long value;
+
+ while (bpf_get_next_key(map_fd[0], &key, &next_key) == 0) {
+ bpf_lookup_elem(map_fd[0], &next_key, &value);
+ printf("ip %s count %lld\n",
+ inet_ntoa((struct in_addr){htonl(next_key)}),
+ value);
+ key = next_key;
+ }
+ sleep(1);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}