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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2015-05-19 16:59:05 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2015-05-21 17:07:59 -0400
commit5bacd7805ab4f07a69c7ef4b1d45ce553d2b1c3a (patch)
tree6e2b12a280e4431e2a5c3d971a8d3ebad4c0b5bc /samples
parentb52f00e6a7154308a08d0a2edab621f277801a2c (diff)
downloadlinux-5bacd7805ab4f07a69c7ef4b1d45ce553d2b1c3a.tar.gz
samples/bpf: bpf_tail_call example for tracing
kprobe example that demonstrates how future seccomp programs may look like. It attaches to seccomp_phase1() function and tail-calls other BPF programs depending on syscall number. Existing optimized classic BPF seccomp programs generated by Chrome look like: if (sd.nr < 121) { if (sd.nr < 57) { if (sd.nr < 22) { if (sd.nr < 7) { if (sd.nr < 4) { if (sd.nr < 1) { check sys_read } else { if (sd.nr < 3) { check sys_write and sys_open } else { check sys_close } } } else { } else { } else { } else { } else { } the future seccomp using native eBPF may look like: bpf_tail_call(&sd, &syscall_jmp_table, sd.nr); which is simpler, faster and leaves more room for per-syscall checks. Usage: $ sudo ./tracex5 <...>-366 [001] d... 4.870033: : read(fd=1, buf=00007f6d5bebf000, size=771) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870066: : mmap <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870077: : syscall=110 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870089: : syscall=107 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891740: : read(fd=0, buf=00000000023d1000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : write(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : read(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h2
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_load.c57
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/tracex5_kern.c75
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/tracex5_user.c46
5 files changed, 172 insertions, 12 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index 8fdbd73429dd..ded10d05617e 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ hostprogs-y += tracex1
hostprogs-y += tracex2
hostprogs-y += tracex3
hostprogs-y += tracex4
+hostprogs-y += tracex5
test_verifier-objs := test_verifier.o libbpf.o
test_maps-objs := test_maps.o libbpf.o
@@ -20,6 +21,7 @@ tracex1-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex1_user.o
tracex2-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex2_user.o
tracex3-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex3_user.o
tracex4-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex4_user.o
+tracex5-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex5_user.o
# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
always := $(hostprogs-y)
@@ -29,6 +31,7 @@ always += tracex1_kern.o
always += tracex2_kern.o
always += tracex3_kern.o
always += tracex4_kern.o
+always += tracex5_kern.o
always += tcbpf1_kern.o
HOSTCFLAGS += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
@@ -40,6 +43,7 @@ HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex1 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex2 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex3 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex4 += -lelf -lrt
+HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex5 += -lelf
# point this to your LLVM backend with bpf support
LLC=$(srctree)/tools/bpf/llvm/bld/Debug+Asserts/bin/llc
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
index f960b5fb3ed8..699ed8dbdd64 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@ static unsigned long long (*bpf_ktime_get_ns)(void) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_ktime_get_ns;
static int (*bpf_trace_printk)(const char *fmt, int fmt_size, ...) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_trace_printk;
+static void (*bpf_tail_call)(void *ctx, void *map, int index) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_tail_call;
/* llvm builtin functions that eBPF C program may use to
* emit BPF_LD_ABS and BPF_LD_IND instructions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
index 38dac5a53b51..da86a8e0a95a 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <poll.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
#include "libbpf.h"
#include "bpf_helpers.h"
#include "bpf_load.h"
@@ -29,6 +30,19 @@ int map_fd[MAX_MAPS];
int prog_fd[MAX_PROGS];
int event_fd[MAX_PROGS];
int prog_cnt;
+int prog_array_fd = -1;
+
+static int populate_prog_array(const char *event, int prog_fd)
+{
+ int ind = atoi(event), err;
+
+ err = bpf_update_elem(prog_array_fd, &ind, &prog_fd, BPF_ANY);
+ if (err < 0) {
+ printf("failed to store prog_fd in prog_array\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
{
@@ -54,12 +68,40 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
return -1;
}
+ fd = bpf_prog_load(prog_type, prog, size, license, kern_version);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("bpf_prog_load() err=%d\n%s", errno, bpf_log_buf);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ prog_fd[prog_cnt++] = fd;
+
+ if (is_socket) {
+ event += 6;
+ if (*event != '/')
+ return 0;
+ event++;
+ if (!isdigit(*event)) {
+ printf("invalid prog number\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return populate_prog_array(event, fd);
+ }
+
if (is_kprobe || is_kretprobe) {
if (is_kprobe)
event += 7;
else
event += 10;
+ if (*event == 0) {
+ printf("event name cannot be empty\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (isdigit(*event))
+ return populate_prog_array(event, fd);
+
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"echo '%c:%s %s' >> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/kprobe_events",
is_kprobe ? 'p' : 'r', event, event);
@@ -71,18 +113,6 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
}
}
- fd = bpf_prog_load(prog_type, prog, size, license, kern_version);
-
- if (fd < 0) {
- printf("bpf_prog_load() err=%d\n%s", errno, bpf_log_buf);
- return -1;
- }
-
- prog_fd[prog_cnt++] = fd;
-
- if (is_socket)
- return 0;
-
strcpy(buf, DEBUGFS);
strcat(buf, "events/kprobes/");
strcat(buf, event);
@@ -130,6 +160,9 @@ static int load_maps(struct bpf_map_def *maps, int len)
maps[i].max_entries);
if (map_fd[i] < 0)
return 1;
+
+ if (maps[i].type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY)
+ prog_array_fd = map_fd[i];
}
return 0;
}
diff --git a/samples/bpf/tracex5_kern.c b/samples/bpf/tracex5_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b71fe07a7a7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/tracex5_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2015 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+#define PROG(F) SEC("kprobe/"__stringify(F)) int bpf_func_##F
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") progs = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .max_entries = 1024,
+};
+
+SEC("kprobe/seccomp_phase1")
+int bpf_prog1(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+ struct seccomp_data sd = {};
+
+ bpf_probe_read(&sd, sizeof(sd), (void *)ctx->di);
+
+ /* dispatch into next BPF program depending on syscall number */
+ bpf_tail_call(ctx, &progs, sd.nr);
+
+ /* fall through -> unknown syscall */
+ if (sd.nr >= __NR_getuid && sd.nr <= __NR_getsid) {
+ char fmt[] = "syscall=%d (one of get/set uid/pid/gid)\n";
+ bpf_trace_printk(fmt, sizeof(fmt), sd.nr);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* we jump here when syscall number == __NR_write */
+PROG(__NR_write)(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+ struct seccomp_data sd = {};
+
+ bpf_probe_read(&sd, sizeof(sd), (void *)ctx->di);
+ if (sd.args[2] == 512) {
+ char fmt[] = "write(fd=%d, buf=%p, size=%d)\n";
+ bpf_trace_printk(fmt, sizeof(fmt),
+ sd.args[0], sd.args[1], sd.args[2]);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+PROG(__NR_read)(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+ struct seccomp_data sd = {};
+
+ bpf_probe_read(&sd, sizeof(sd), (void *)ctx->di);
+ if (sd.args[2] > 128 && sd.args[2] <= 1024) {
+ char fmt[] = "read(fd=%d, buf=%p, size=%d)\n";
+ bpf_trace_printk(fmt, sizeof(fmt),
+ sd.args[0], sd.args[1], sd.args[2]);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+PROG(__NR_mmap)(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+ char fmt[] = "mmap\n";
+ bpf_trace_printk(fmt, sizeof(fmt));
+ return 0;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
+u32 _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;
diff --git a/samples/bpf/tracex5_user.c b/samples/bpf/tracex5_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a04dd3cd4358
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/tracex5_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include <linux/seccomp.h>
+#include <sys/prctl.h>
+#include "libbpf.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+
+/* install fake seccomp program to enable seccomp code path inside the kernel,
+ * so that our kprobe attached to seccomp_phase1() can be triggered
+ */
+static void install_accept_all_seccomp(void)
+{
+ struct sock_filter filter[] = {
+ BPF_STMT(BPF_RET+BPF_K, SECCOMP_RET_ALLOW),
+ };
+ struct sock_fprog prog = {
+ .len = (unsigned short)(sizeof(filter)/sizeof(filter[0])),
+ .filter = filter,
+ };
+ if (prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, 2, &prog))
+ perror("prctl");
+}
+
+int main(int ac, char **argv)
+{
+ FILE *f;
+ char filename[256];
+
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
+
+ if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
+ printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ install_accept_all_seccomp();
+
+ f = popen("dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null count=5", "r");
+ (void) f;
+
+ read_trace_pipe();
+
+ return 0;
+}