path: root/Documentation/trace/stm.txt
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/trace/stm.txt')
1 files changed, 80 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/stm.txt b/Documentation/trace/stm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ea035f9dbfd7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/trace/stm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,80 @@
+System Trace Module
+System Trace Module (STM) is a device described in MIPI STP specs as
+STP trace stream generator. STP (System Trace Protocol) is a trace
+protocol multiplexing data from multiple trace sources, each one of
+which is assigned a unique pair of master and channel. While some of
+these masters and channels are statically allocated to certain
+hardware trace sources, others are available to software. Software
+trace sources are usually free to pick for themselves any
+master/channel combination from this pool.
+On the receiving end of this STP stream (the decoder side), trace
+sources can only be identified by master/channel combination, so in
+order for the decoder to be able to make sense of the trace that
+involves multiple trace sources, it needs to be able to map those
+master/channel pairs to the trace sources that it understands.
+For instance, it is helpful to know that syslog messages come on
+master 7 channel 15, while arbitrary user applications can use masters
+48 to 63 and channels 0 to 127.
+To solve this mapping problem, stm class provides a policy management
+mechanism via configfs, that allows defining rules that map string
+identifiers to ranges of masters and channels. If these rules (policy)
+are consistent with what decoder expects, it will be able to properly
+process the trace data.
+This policy is a tree structure containing rules (policy_node) that
+have a name (string identifier) and a range of masters and channels
+associated with it, located in "stp-policy" subsystem directory in
+configfs. The topmost directory's name (the policy) is formatted as
+the STM device name to which this policy applies and and arbitrary
+string identifier separated by a stop. From the examle above, a rule
+may look like this:
+$ ls /config/stp-policy/
+channels masters
+$ cat /config/stp-policy/
+48 63
+$ cat /config/stp-policy/
+0 127
+which means that the master allocation pool for this rule consists of
+masters 48 through 63 and channel allocation pool has channels 0
+through 127 in it. Now, any producer (trace source) identifying itself
+with "user" identification string will be allocated a master and
+channel from within these ranges.
+These rules can be nested, for example, one can define a rule "dummy"
+under "user" directory from the example above and this new rule will
+be used for trace sources with the id string of "user/dummy".
+Trace sources have to open the stm class device's node and write their
+trace data into its file descriptor. In order to identify themselves
+to the policy, they need to do a STP_POLICY_ID_SET ioctl on this file
+descriptor providing their id string. Otherwise, they will be
+automatically allocated a master/channel pair upon first write to this
+file descriptor according to the "default" rule of the policy, if such
+Some STM devices may allow direct mapping of the channel mmio regions
+to userspace for zero-copy writing. One mappable page (in terms of
+mmu) will usually contain multiple channels' mmios, so the user will
+need to allocate that many channels to themselves (via the
+aforementioned ioctl() call) to be able to do this. That is, if your
+stm device's channel mmio region is 64 bytes and hardware page size is
+4096 bytes, after a successful STP_POLICY_ID_SET ioctl() call with
+width==64, you should be able to mmap() one page on this file
+descriptor and obtain direct access to an mmio region for 64 channels.
+For kernel-based trace sources, there is "stm_source" device
+class. Devices of this class can be connected and disconnected to/from
+stm devices at runtime via a sysfs attribute.
+Examples of STM devices are Intel(R) Trace Hub [1] and Coresight STM