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2016-01-14kmemcg: account certain kmem allocations to memcgVladimir Davydov1-1/+1
Mark those kmem allocations that are known to be easily triggered from userspace as __GFP_ACCOUNT/SLAB_ACCOUNT, which makes them accounted to memcg. For the list, see below: - threadinfo - task_struct - task_delay_info - pid - cred - mm_struct - vm_area_struct and vm_region (nommu) - anon_vma and anon_vma_chain - signal_struct - sighand_struct - fs_struct - files_struct - fdtable and fdtable->full_fds_bits - dentry and external_name - inode for all filesystems. This is the most tedious part, because most filesystems overwrite the alloc_inode method. The list is far from complete, so feel free to add more objects. Nevertheless, it should be close to "account everything" approach and keep most workloads within bounds. Malevolent users will be able to breach the limit, but this was possible even with the former "account everything" approach (simply because it did not account everything in fact). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-08-07ipc: modify message queue accounting to not take kernel data structures into ↵Marcus Gelderie1-5/+0
account A while back, the message queue implementation in the kernel was improved to use btrees to speed up retrieval of messages, in commit d6629859b36d ("ipc/mqueue: improve performance of send/recv"). That patch introducing the improved kernel handling of message queues (using btrees) has, as a by-product, changed the meaning of the QSIZE field in the pseudo-file created for the queue. Before, this field reflected the size of the user-data in the queue. Since, it also takes kernel data structures into account. For example, if 13 bytes of user data are in the queue, on my machine the file reports a size of 61 bytes. There was some discussion on this topic before (for example https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/10/1/115). Commenting on a th lkml, Michael Kerrisk gave the following background (https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/6/16/74): The pseudofiles in the mqueue filesystem (usually mounted at /dev/mqueue) expose fields with metadata describing a message queue. One of these fields, QSIZE, as originally implemented, showed the total number of bytes of user data in all messages in the message queue, and this feature was documented from the beginning in the mq_overview(7) page. In 3.5, some other (useful) work happened to break the user-space API in a couple of places, including the value exposed via QSIZE, which now includes a measure of kernel overhead bytes for the queue, a figure that renders QSIZE useless for its original purpose, since there's no way to deduce the number of overhead bytes consumed by the implementation. (The other user-space breakage was subsequently fixed.) This patch removes the accounting of kernel data structures in the queue. Reporting the size of these data-structures in the QSIZE field was a breaking change (see Michael's comment above). Without the QSIZE field reporting the total size of user-data in the queue, there is no way to deduce this number. It should be noted that the resource limit RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE is counted against the worst-case size of the queue (in both the old and the new implementation). Therefore, the kernel overhead accounting in QSIZE is not necessary to help the user understand the limitations RLIMIT imposes on the processes. Signed-off-by: Marcus Gelderie <redmnic@gmail.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: John Duffy <jb_duffy@btinternet.com> Cc: Arto Bendiken <arto@bendiken.net> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-05-08ipc/mqueue: Implement lockless pipelined wakeupsDavidlohr Bueso1-21/+33
This patch moves the wakeup_process() invocation so it is not done under the info->lock by making use of a lockless wake_q. With this change, the waiter is woken up once it is STATE_READY and it does not need to loop on SMP if it is still in STATE_PENDING. In the timeout case we still need to grab the info->lock to verify the state. This change should also avoid the introduction of preempt_disable() in -rt which avoids a busy-loop which pools for the STATE_PENDING -> STATE_READY change if the waiter has a higher priority compared to the waker. Additionally, this patch micro-optimizes wq_sleep by using the cheaper cousin of set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTABLE) as we will block no matter what, thus get rid of the implied barrier. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: George Spelvin <linux@horizon.com> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: dave@stgolabs.net Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1430748166.1940.17.camel@stgolabs.net Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-04-15VFS: assorted weird filesystems: d_inode() annotationsDavid Howells1-11/+11
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-11-19new helper: audit_file()Al Viro1-2/+2
... for situations when we don't have any candidate in pathnames - basically, in descriptor-based syscalls. [Folded the build fix for !CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL configs from Chen Gang] Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-04-07ipc: use device_initcallDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+1
... since __initcall is now deprecated. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-25ipc,mqueue: remove limits for the amount of system-wide queuesDavidlohr Bueso1-3/+3
Commit 93e6f119c0ce ("ipc/mqueue: cleanup definition names and locations") added global hardcoded limits to the amount of message queues that can be created. While these limits are per-namespace, reality is that it ends up breaking userspace applications. Historically users have, at least in theory, been able to create up to INT_MAX queues, and limiting it to just 1024 is way too low and dramatic for some workloads and use cases. For instance, Madars reports: "This update imposes bad limits on our multi-process application. As our app uses approaches that each process opens its own set of queues (usually something about 3-5 queues per process). In some scenarios we might run up to 3000 processes or more (which of-course for linux is not a problem). Thus we might need up to 9000 queues or more. All processes run under one user." Other affected users can be found in launchpad bug #1155695: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/manpages/+bug/1155695 Instead of increasing this limit, revert it entirely and fallback to the original way of dealing queue limits -- where once a user's resource limit is reached, and all memory is used, new queues cannot be created. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reported-by: Madars Vitolins <m@silodev.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.5+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: remove braces for single statementsDavidlohr Bueso1-3/+3
Deal with checkpatch messages: WARNING: braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: whitespace cleanupManfred Spraul1-8/+8
The ipc code does not adhere the typical linux coding style. This patch fixes lots of simple whitespace errors. - mostly autogenerated by scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --fix \ --types=pointer_location,spacing,space_before_tab - one manual fixup (keep structure members tab-aligned) - removal of additional space_before_tab that were not found by --fix Tested with some of my msg and sem test apps. Andrew: Could you include it in -mm and move it towards Linus' tree? Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Suggested-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-09locks: break delegations on unlinkJ. Bruce Fields1-1/+1
We need to break delegations on any operation that changes the set of links pointing to an inode. Start with unlink. Such operations also hold the i_mutex on a parent directory. Breaking a delegation may require waiting for a timeout (by default 90 seconds) in the case of a unresponsive NFS client. To avoid blocking all directory operations, we therefore drop locks before waiting for the delegation. The logic then looks like: acquire locks ... test for delegation; if found: take reference on inode release locks wait for delegation break drop reference on inode retry It is possible this could never terminate. (Even if we take precautions to prevent another delegation being acquired on the same inode, we could get a different inode on each retry.) But this seems very unlikely. The initial test for a delegation happens after the lock on the target inode is acquired, but the directory inode may have been acquired further up the call stack. We therefore add a "struct inode **" argument to any intervening functions, which we use to pass the inode back up to the caller in the case it needs a delegation synchronously broken. Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@canonical.com> Cc: Dustin Kirkland <dustin.kirkland@gazzang.com> Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-07-09audit: fix mq_open and mq_unlink to add the MQ root as a hidden parent ↵Jeff Layton1-0/+2
audit_names record The old audit PATH records for mq_open looked like this: type=PATH msg=audit(1366282323.982:869): item=1 name=(null) inode=6777 dev=00:0c mode=041777 ouid=0 ogid=0 rdev=00:00 obj=system_u:object_r:tmpfs_t:s15:c0.c1023 type=PATH msg=audit(1366282323.982:869): item=0 name="test_mq" inode=26732 dev=00:0c mode=0100700 ouid=0 ogid=0 rdev=00:00 obj=staff_u:object_r:user_tmpfs_t:s15:c0.c1023 ...with the audit related changes that went into 3.7, they now look like this: type=PATH msg=audit(1366282236.776:3606): item=2 name=(null) inode=66655 dev=00:0c mode=0100700 ouid=0 ogid=0 rdev=00:00 obj=staff_u:object_r:user_tmpfs_t:s15:c0.c1023 type=PATH msg=audit(1366282236.776:3606): item=1 name=(null) inode=6926 dev=00:0c mode=041777 ouid=0 ogid=0 rdev=00:00 obj=system_u:object_r:tmpfs_t:s15:c0.c1023 type=PATH msg=audit(1366282236.776:3606): item=0 name="test_mq" Both of these look wrong to me. As Steve Grubb pointed out: "What we need is 1 PATH record that identifies the MQ. The other PATH records probably should not be there." Fix it to record the mq root as a parent, and flag it such that it should be hidden from view when the names are logged, since the root of the mq filesystem isn't terribly interesting. With this change, we get a single PATH record that looks more like this: type=PATH msg=audit(1368021604.836:484): item=0 name="test_mq" inode=16914 dev=00:0c mode=0100644 ouid=0 ogid=0 rdev=00:00 obj=unconfined_u:object_r:user_tmpfs_t:s0 In order to do this, a new audit_inode_parent_hidden() function is added. If we do it this way, then we avoid having the existing callers of audit_inode needing to do any sort of flag conversion if auditing is inactive. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Reported-by: Jiri Jaburek <jjaburek@redhat.com> Cc: Steve Grubb <sgrubb@redhat.com> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-28Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+10
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull userns fixes from Eric W Biederman: "The bulk of the changes are fixing the worst consequences of the user namespace design oversight in not considering what happens when one namespace starts off as a clone of another namespace, as happens with the mount namespace. The rest of the changes are just plain bug fixes. Many thanks to Andy Lutomirski for pointing out many of these issues." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: userns: Restrict when proc and sysfs can be mounted ipc: Restrict mounting the mqueue filesystem vfs: Carefully propogate mounts across user namespaces vfs: Add a mount flag to lock read only bind mounts userns: Don't allow creation if the user is chrooted yama: Better permission check for ptraceme pid: Handle the exit of a multi-threaded init. scm: Require CAP_SYS_ADMIN over the current pidns to spoof pids.
2013-03-27ipc: Restrict mounting the mqueue filesystemEric W. Biederman1-2/+10
Only allow mounting the mqueue filesystem if the caller has CAP_SYS_ADMIN rights over the ipc namespace. The principle here is if you create or have capabilities over it you can mount it, otherwise you get to live with what other people have mounted. This information is not particularly sensitive and mqueue essentially only reports which posix messages queues exist. Still when creating a restricted environment for an application to live any extra information may be of use to someone with sufficient creativity. The historical if imperfect way this information has been restricted has been not to allow mounts and restricting this to ipc namespace creators maintains the spirit of the historical restriction. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2013-03-22mqueue: sys_mq_open: do not call mnt_drop_write() if read-onlyVladimir Davydov1-1/+2
mnt_drop_write() must be called only if mnt_want_write() succeeded, otherwise the mnt_writers counter will diverge. mnt_writers counters are used to check if remounting FS as read-only is OK, so after an extra mnt_drop_write() call, it would be impossible to remount mqueue FS as read-only. Besides, on umount a warning would be printed like this one: ===================================== [ BUG: bad unlock balance detected! ] 3.9.0-rc3 #5 Not tainted ------------------------------------- a.out/12486 is trying to release lock (sb_writers) at: mnt_drop_write+0x1f/0x30 but there are no more locks to release! Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-26Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-8/+8
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs pile (part one) from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff - cleaning namei.c up a bit, fixing ->d_name/->d_parent locking violations, etc. The most visible changes here are death of FS_REVAL_DOT (replaced with "has ->d_weak_revalidate()") and a new helper getting from struct file to inode. Some bits of preparation to xattr method interface changes. Misc patches by various people sent this cycle *and* ocfs2 fixes from several cycles ago that should've been upstream right then. PS: the next vfs pile will be xattr stuff." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (46 commits) saner proc_get_inode() calling conventions proc: avoid extra pde_put() in proc_fill_super() fs: change return values from -EACCES to -EPERM fs/exec.c: make bprm_mm_init() static ocfs2/dlm: use GFP_ATOMIC inside a spin_lock ocfs2: fix possible use-after-free with AIO ocfs2: Fix oops in ocfs2_fast_symlink_readpage() code path get_empty_filp()/alloc_file() leave both ->f_pos and ->f_version zero target: writev() on single-element vector is pointless export kernel_write(), convert open-coded instances fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_type kill f_vfsmnt vfs: kill FS_REVAL_DOT by adding a d_weak_revalidate dentry op nfsd: handle vfs_getattr errors in acl protocol switch vfs_getattr() to struct path default SET_PERSONALITY() in linux/elf.h ceph: prepopulate inodes only when request is aborted d_hash_and_lookup(): export, switch open-coded instances 9p: switch v9fs_set_create_acl() to inode+fid, do it before d_instantiate() 9p: split dropping the acls from v9fs_set_create_acl() ...
2013-02-22new helper: file_inode(file)Al Viro1-8/+8
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-01-27userns: Allow the unprivileged users to mount mqueue fsGao feng1-0/+1
This patch allow the unprivileged user to mount mqueuefs in user ns. If two userns share the same ipcns,the files in mqueue fs should be seen in both these two userns. If the userns has its own ipcns,it has its own mqueue fs too. ipcns has already done this job well. Signed-off-by: Gao feng <gaofeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-10-12audit: make audit_inode take struct filenameJeff Layton1-2/+2
Keep a pointer to the audit_names "slot" in struct filename. Have all of the audit_inode callers pass a struct filename ponter to audit_inode instead of a string pointer. If the aname field is already populated, then we can skip walking the list altogether and just use it directly. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-12vfs: define struct filename and have getname() return itJeff Layton1-6/+7
getname() is intended to copy pathname strings from userspace into a kernel buffer. The result is just a string in kernel space. It would however be quite helpful to be able to attach some ancillary info to the string. For instance, we could attach some audit-related info to reduce the amount of audit-related processing needed. When auditing is enabled, we could also call getname() on the string more than once and not need to recopy it from userspace. This patchset converts the getname()/putname() interfaces to return a struct instead of a string. For now, the struct just tracks the string in kernel space and the original userland pointer for it. Later, we'll add other information to the struct as it becomes convenient. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-12audit: set the name_len in audit_inode for parent lookupsJeff Layton1-4/+4
Currently, this gets set mostly by happenstance when we call into audit_inode_child. While that might be a little more efficient, it seems wrong. If the syscall ends up failing before audit_inode_child ever gets called, then you'll have an audit_names record that shows the full path but has the parent inode info attached. Fix this by passing in a parent flag when we call audit_inode that gets set to the value of LOOKUP_PARENT. We can then fix up the pathname for the audit entry correctly from the get-go. While we're at it, clean up the no-op macro for audit_inode in the !CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL case. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-09ipc/mqueue: remove unnecessary rb_init_node() callsMichel Lespinasse1-3/+0
Commit d6629859b36d ("ipc/mqueue: improve performance of send/recv") and ce2d52cc ("ipc/mqueue: add rbtree node caching support") introduced an rbtree of message priorities, and usage of rb_init_node() to initialize the corresponding nodes. As it turns out, rb_init_node() is unnecessary here, as the nodes are fully initialized on insertion by rb_link_node() and the code doesn't access nodes that aren't inserted on the rbtree. Removing the rb_init_node() calls as I removed that function during rbtree API cleanups (the only other use of it was in a place that similarly didn't require it). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-09-26switch simple cases of fget_light to fdgetAl Viro1-43/+41
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-09-26switch mqueue syscalls to fget_light()Al Viro1-12/+14
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-08-18mqueue: lift mnt_want_write() outside ->i_mutex, clean up a bitAl Viro1-33/+28
the way it abuses ->d_fsdata still needs to be killed, but that's a separate story. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-23switch dentry_open() to struct path, make it grab references itselfAl Viro1-70/+47
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-14don't pass nameidata * to vfs_create()Al Viro1-1/+1
all we want is a boolean flag, same as the method gets now Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-14don't pass nameidata to ->create()Al Viro1-1/+1
boolean "does it have to be exclusive?" flag is passed instead; Local filesystem should just ignore it - the object is guaranteed not to be there yet. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: add rbtree node caching supportDoug Ledford1-23/+81
When I wrote the first patch that added the rbtree support for message queue insertion, it sped up the case where the queue was very full drastically from the original code. It, however, slowed down the case where the queue was empty (not drastically though). This patch caches the last freed rbtree node struct so we can quickly reuse it when we get a new message. This is the common path for any queue that very frequently goes from 0 to 1 then back to 0 messages in queue. Andrew Morton didn't like that we were doing a GFP_ATOMIC allocation in msg_insert, so this patch attempts to speculatively allocate a new node struct outside of the spin lock when we know we need it, but will still fall back to a GFP_ATOMIC allocation if it has to. Once I added the caching, the necessary various ret = ; spin_unlock gyrations in mq_timedsend were getting pretty ugly, so this also slightly refactors that function to streamline the flow of the code and the function exit. Finally, while working on getting performance back I made sure that all of the node structs were always fully initialized when they were first used, rendering the use of kzalloc unnecessary and a waste of CPU cycles. The net result of all of this is: 1) We will avoid a GFP_ATOMIC allocation when possible, but fall back on it when necessary. 2) We will speculatively allocate a node struct using GFP_KERNEL if our cache is empty (and save the struct to our cache if it's still empty after we have obtained the spin lock). 3) The performance of the common queue empty case has significantly improved and is now much more in line with the older performance for this case. The performance changes are: Old mqueue new mqueue new mqueue + caching queue empty send/recv 305/288ns 349/318ns 310/322ns I don't think we'll ever be able to get the recv performance back, but that's because the old recv performance was a direct result and consequence of the old methods abysmal send performance. The recv path simply must do more so that the send path does not incur such a penalty under higher queue depths. As it turns out, the new caching code also sped up the various queue full cases relative to my last patch. That could be because of the difference between the syscall path in 3.3.4-rc5 and 3.3.4-rc6, or because of the change in code flow in the mq_timedsend routine. Regardless, I'll take it. It wasn't huge, and I *would* say it was within the margin for error, but after many repeated runs what I'm seeing is that the old numbers trend slightly higher (about 10 to 20ns depending on which test is the one running). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: strengthen checks on mqueue creationDoug Ledford1-9/+18
We already check the mq attr struct if it's passed in, but now that the admin can set system wide defaults separate from maximums, it's actually possible to set the defaults to something that would overflow. So, if there is no attr struct passed in to the open call, check the default values. While we are at it, simplify mq_attr_ok() by making it return 0 or an error condition, so that way if we add more tests to it later, we have the option of what error should be returned instead of the calling location having to pick a possibly inaccurate error code. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/ENOMEM/EOVERFLOW/] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: correct mq_attr_ok testDoug Ledford1-3/+8
While working on the other parts of the mqueue stuff, I noticed that the calculation for overflow in mq_attr_ok didn't actually match reality (this is especially true since my last patch which changed how we account memory slightly). In particular, we used to test for overflow using: msgs * msgsize + msgs * sizeof(struct msg_msg *) That was never really correct because each message we allocate via load_msg() is actually a struct msg_msg followed by the data for the message (and if struct msg_msg + data exceeds PAGE_SIZE we end up allocating struct msg_msgseg structs too, but accounting for them would get really tedious, so let's ignore those...they're only a pointer in size anyway). This patch updates the calculation to be more accurate in regards to maximum possible memory consumption by the mqueue. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add a local to simplify overflow-checking expression] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: improve performance of send/recvDoug Ledford1-43/+130
The existing implementation of the POSIX message queue send and recv functions is, well, abysmal. Even worse than abysmal. I submitted a patch to increase the maximum POSIX message queue limit to 65536 due to customer needs, however, upon looking over the send/recv implementation, I realized that my customer needs help with that too even if they don't know it. The basic problem is that, given the fairly typical use case scenario for a large queue of queueing lots of messages all at the same priority (I verified with my customer that this is indeed what their app does), the msg_insert routine is basically a frikkin' bubble sort. I mean, whoa, that's *so* middle school. OK, OK, to not slam the original author too much, I'm sure they didn't envision a queue depth of 50,000+ messages. No one would think that moving elements in an array, one at a time, and dereferencing each pointer in that array to check priority of the message being pointed too, again one at a time, for 50,000+ times would be good. So let's assume that, as is typical, the users have found a way to break our code simply by using it in a way we didn't envision. Fair enough. "So, just how broken is it?", you ask. I wondered the same thing, so I wrote an app to let me know. It's my next patch. It gave me some interesting results. Here's what it tested: Interference with other apps - In continuous mode, the app just sits there and hits a message queue forever, while you go do something productive on another terminal using other CPUs. You then measure how long it takes you to do that something productive. Then you restart the app in fake continuous mode, and it sits in a tight loop on a CPU while you repeat your tests. The whole point of this is to keep one CPU tied up (so it can't be used in your other work) but in one case tied up hitting the mqueue code so we can see the effect of walking that 65,528 element array one pointer at a time on the global CPU cache. If it's bad, then it will slow down your app on the other CPUs just by polluting cache mercilessly. In the fake case, it will be in a tight loop, but not polluting cache. Testing the mqueue subsystem directly - Here we just run a number of tests to see how the mqueue subsystem performs under different conditions. A couple conditions are known to be worst case for the old system, and some routines, so this tests all of them. So, on to the results already: Subsystem/Test Old New Time to compile linux kernel (make -j12 on a 6 core CPU) Running mqueue test user 49m10.744s user 45m26.294s sys 5m51.924s sys 4m59.894s total 55m02.668s total 50m26.188s Running fake test user 45m32.686s user 45m18.552s sys 5m12.465s sys 4m56.468s total 50m45.151s total 50m15.020s % slowdown from mqueue cache thrashing ~8% ~.5% Avg time to send/recv (in nanoseconds per message) when queue empty 305/288 349/318 when queue full (65528 messages) constant priority 526589/823 362/314 increasing priority 403105/916 495/445 decreasing priority 73420/594 482/409 random priority 280147/920 546/436 Time to fill/drain queue (65528 messages, in seconds) constant priority 17.37/.12 .13/.12 increasing priority 4.14/.14 .21/.18 decreasing priority 12.93/.13 .21/.18 random priority 8.88/.16 .22/.17 So, I think the results speak for themselves. It's possible this implementation could be improved by cacheing at least one priority level in the node tree (that would bring the queue empty performance more in line with the old implementation), but this works and is *so* much better than what we had, especially for the common case of a single priority in use, that further refinements can be in follow on patches. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in comment, remove stray semicolon] [levinsasha928@gmail.com: use correct gfp flags in msg_insert] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31mqueue: separate mqueue default value from maximum valueKOSAKI Motohiro1-3/+6
Commit b231cca4381e ("message queues: increase range limits") changed mqueue default value when attr parameter is specified NULL from hard coded value to fs.mqueue.{msg,msgsize}_max sysctl value. This made large side effect. When user need to use two mqueue applications 1) using !NULL attr parameter and it require big message size and 2) using NULL attr parameter and only need small size message, app (1) require to raise fs.mqueue.msgsize_max and app (2) consume large memory size even though it doesn't need. Doug Ledford propsed to switch back it to static hard coded value. However it also has a compatibility problem. Some applications might started depend on the default value is tunable. The solution is to separate default value from maximum value. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Acked-by: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Amerigo Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31mqueue: don't use kmalloc with KMALLOC_MAX_SIZEKOSAKI Motohiro1-2/+2
KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE is not a good threshold. It is extremely high and problematic. Unfortunately, some silly drivers depend on this and we can't change it. But any new code needn't use such extreme ugly high order allocations. It brings us awful fragmentation issues and system slowdown. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <mkosaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Acked-by: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Amerigo Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: update maximums for the mqueue subsystemDoug Ledford1-2/+9
Commit b231cca4381e ("message queues: increase range limits") changed the maximum size of a message in a message queue from INT_MAX to 8192*128. Unfortunately, we had customers that relied on a size much larger than 8192*128 on their production systems. After reviewing POSIX, we found that it is silent on the maximum message size. We did find a couple other areas in which it was not silent. Fix up the mqueue maximums so that the customer's system can continue to work, and document both the POSIX and real world requirements in ipc_namespace.h so that we don't have this issue crop back up. Also, commit 9cf18e1dd74cd0 ("ipc: HARD_MSGMAX should be higher not lower on 64bit") fiddled with HARD_MSGMAX without realizing that the number was intentionally in place to limit the msg queue depth to one that was small enough to kmalloc an array of pointers (hence why we divided 128k by sizeof(long)). If we wish to meet POSIX requirements, we have no choice but to change our allocation to a vmalloc instead (at least for the large queue size case). With that, it's possible to increase our allowed maximum to the POSIX requirements (or more if we choose). [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: using vmalloc requires including vmalloc.h] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Amerigo Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: enforce hard limitsDoug Ledford1-3/+5
In two places we don't enforce the hard limits for CAP_SYS_RESOURCE apps. In preparation for making more reasonable hard limits, start enforcing them even on CAP_SYS_RESOURCE. Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Amerigo Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31ipc/mqueue: switch back to using non-max values on createDoug Ledford1-2/+3
Commit b231cca4381e ("message queues: increase range limits") changed how we create a queue that does not include an attr struct passed to open so that it creates the queue with whatever the maximum values are. However, if the admin has set the maximums to allow flexibility in creating a queue (aka, both a large size and large queue are allowed, but combined they create a queue too large for the RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE of the user), then attempts to create a queue without an attr struct will fail. Switch back to using acceptable defaults regardless of what the maximums are. Note: so far, we only know of a few applications that rely on this behavior (specifically, set the maximums in /proc, then run the application which calls mq_open() without passing in an attr struct, and the application expects the newly created message queue to have the maximum sizes that were set in /proc used on the mq_open() call, and all of those applications that we know of are actually part of regression test suites that were coded to do something like this: for size in 4096 65536 $((1024 * 1024)) $((16 * 1024 * 1024)); do echo $size > /proc/sys/fs/mqueue/msgsize_max mq_open || echo "Error opening mq with size $size" done These test suites that depend on any behavior like this are broken. The concept that programs should rely upon the system wide maximum in order to get their desired results instead of simply using a attr struct to specify what they want is fundamentally unfriendly programming practice for any multi-tasking OS. Fixing this will break those few apps that we know of (and those app authors recognize the brokenness of their code and the need to fix it). However, the following patch "mqueue: separate mqueue default value" allows a workaround in the form of new knobs for the default msg queue creation parameters for any software out there that we don't already know about that might rely on this behavior at the moment. Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Amerigo Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: Joe Korty <joe.korty@ccur.com> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-28Merge tag 'writeback' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/wfg/linuxLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Pull writeback tree from Wu Fengguang: "Mainly from Jan Kara to avoid iput() in the flusher threads." * tag 'writeback' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/wfg/linux: writeback: Avoid iput() from flusher thread vfs: Rename end_writeback() to clear_inode() vfs: Move waiting for inode writeback from end_writeback() to evict_inode() writeback: Refactor writeback_single_inode() writeback: Remove wb->list_lock from writeback_single_inode() writeback: Separate inode requeueing after writeback writeback: Move I_DIRTY_PAGES handling writeback: Move requeueing when I_SYNC set to writeback_sb_inodes() writeback: Move clearing of I_SYNC into inode_sync_complete() writeback: initialize global_dirty_limit fs: remove 8 bytes of padding from struct writeback_control on 64 bit builds mm: page-writeback.c: local functions should not be exposed globally
2012-05-06vfs: Rename end_writeback() to clear_inode()Jan Kara1-1/+1
After we moved inode_sync_wait() from end_writeback() it doesn't make sense to call the function end_writeback() anymore. Rename it to clear_inode() which well says what the function really does - set I_CLEAR flag. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
2012-05-03userns: Replace user_ns_map_uid and user_ns_map_gid with from_kuid and from_kgidEric W. Biederman1-2/+1
These function are no longer needed replace them with their more useful equivalents. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-04-07mqueue: Explicitly capture the user namespace to send the notification to.Eric W. Biederman1-1/+8
Stop relying on user->user_ns which is going away and instead capture the user_namespace of the process we are supposed to notify. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-03-20switch open-coded instances of d_make_root() to new helperAl Viro1-17/+7
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-23ipc/mqueue: simplify reading msgqueue limitDavidlohr Bueso1-2/+1
Because the current task is being used to get the limit, we can simply use rlimit() instead of task_rlimit(). Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@gnu.org> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-10user namespace: make signal.c respect user namespacesSerge E. Hallyn1-1/+6
ipc/mqueue.c: for __SI_MESQ, convert the uid being sent to recipient's user namespace. (new, thanks Oleg) __send_signal: convert current's uid to the recipient's user namespace for any siginfo which is not SI_FROMKERNEL (patch from Oleg, thanks again :) do_notify_parent and do_notify_parent_cldstop: map task's uid to parent's user namespace ptrace_signal maps parent's uid into current's user namespace before including in signal to current. IIUC Oleg has argued that this shouldn't matter as the debugger will play with it, but it seems like not converting the value currently being set is misleading. Changelog: Sep 20: Inspired by Oleg's suggestion, define map_cred_ns() helper to simplify callers and help make clear what we are translating (which uid into which namespace). Passing the target task would make callers even easier to read, but we pass in user_ns because current_user_ns() != task_cred_xxx(current, user_ns). Sep 20: As recommended by Oleg, also put task_pid_vnr() under rcu_read_lock in ptrace_signal(). Sep 23: In send_signal(), detect when (user) signal is coming from an ancestor or unrelated user namespace. Pass that on to __send_signal, which sets si_uid to 0 or overflowuid if needed. Oct 12: Base on Oleg's fixup_uid() patch. On top of that, handle all SI_FROMKERNEL cases at callers, because we can't assume sender is current in those cases. Nov 10: (mhelsley) rename fixup_uid to more meaningful usern_fixup_signal_uid Nov 10: (akpm) make the !CONFIG_USER_NS case clearer Signed-off-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> From: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Subject: __send_signal: pass q->info, not info, to userns_fixup_signal_uid (v2) Eric Biederman pointed out that passing info is a bug and could lead to a NULL pointer deref to boot. A collection of signal, securebits, filecaps, cap_bounds, and a few other ltp tests passed with this kernel. Changelog: Nov 18: previous patch missed a leading '&' Signed-off-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> From: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Subject: ipc/mqueue: lock() => unlock() typo There was a double lock typo introduced in b085f4bd6b21 "user namespace: make signal.c respect user namespaces" Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-03switch mq_open() to umode_tAl Viro1-1/+1
2012-01-03mqueue: propagate umode_tAl Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-03switch ->create() to umode_tAl Viro1-2/+2
vfs_create() ignores everything outside of 16bit subset of its mode argument; switching it to umode_t is obviously equivalent and it's the only caller of the method Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-03vfs: fix the stupidity with i_dentry in inode destructorsAl Viro1-1/+0
Seeing that just about every destructor got that INIT_LIST_HEAD() copied into it, there is no point whatsoever keeping this INIT_LIST_HEAD in inode_init_once(); the cost of taking it into inode_init_always() will be negligible for pipes and sockets and negative for everything else. Not to mention the removal of boilerplate code from ->destroy_inode() instances... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-12-09... and the same kind of leak for mqueueAl Viro1-5/+3
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-10-31ipc/mqueue.c: fix wrong use of schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock()Wanlong Gao1-2/+2
Fix the wrong use of schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock() in wq_sleep(), although it is harmless for the syscall mq_timed* now. It was introduced by 9ca7d8e ("mqueue: Convert message queue timeout to use hrtimers"). Signed-off-by: Wanlong Gao <gaowanlong@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Carsten Emde <C.Emde@osadl.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-26ipc/mqueue.c: fix mq_open() return valueJiri Slaby1-5/+7
We return ENOMEM from mqueue_get_inode even when we have enough memory. Namely in case the system rlimit of mqueue was reached. This error propagates to mq_queue and user sees the error unexpectedly. So fix this up to properly return EMFILE as described in the manpage: EMFILE The process already has the maximum number of files and message queues open. instead of: ENOMEM Insufficient memory. With the previous patch we just switch to ERR_PTR/PTR_ERR/IS_ERR error handling here. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>