path: root/security/integrity/evm/evm.h
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2015-12-15evm: enable EVM when X509 certificate is loadedDmitry Kasatkin1-0/+3
In order to enable EVM before starting the 'init' process, evm_initialized needs to be non-zero. Previously non-zero indicated that the HMAC key was loaded. When EVM loads the X509 before calling 'init', with this patch it is now possible to enable EVM to start signature based verification. This patch defines bits to enable EVM if a key of any type is loaded. Changes in v3: * print error message if key is not set Changes in v2: * EVM_STATE_KEY_SET replaced by EVM_INIT_HMAC * EVM_STATE_X509_SET replaced by EVM_INIT_X509 Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2014-06-12evm: replace HMAC version with attribute maskDmitry Kasatkin1-1/+4
Using HMAC version limits the posibility to arbitrarily add new attributes such as SMACK64EXEC to the hmac calculation. This patch replaces hmac version with attribute mask. Desired attributes can be enabled with configuration parameter. It allows to build kernels which works with previously labeled filesystems. Currently supported attribute is 'fsuuid' which is equivalent of the former version 2. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2014-03-07integrity: fix checkpatch errorsDmitry Kasatkin1-14/+14
Between checkpatch changes (eg. sizeof) and inconsistencies between Lindent and checkpatch, unfixed checkpatch errors make it difficult to see new errors. This patch fixes them. Some lines with over 80 chars remained unchanged to improve code readability. The "extern" keyword is removed from internal evm.h to make it consistent with internal ima.h. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2013-02-06evm: add file system uuid to EVM hmacDmitry Kasatkin1-0/+1
EVM uses the same key for all file systems to calculate the HMAC, making it possible to paste inodes from one file system on to another one, without EVM being able to detect it. To prevent such an attack, it is necessary to make the EVM HMAC file system specific. This patch uses the file system UUID, a file system unique identifier, to bind the EVM HMAC to the file system. The value inode->i_sb->s_uuid is used for the HMAC hash calculation, instead of using it for deriving the file system specific key. Initializing the key for every inode HMAC calculation is a bit more expensive operation than adding the uuid to the HMAC hash. Changing the HMAC calculation method or adding additional info to the calculation, requires existing EVM labeled file systems to be relabeled. This patch adds a Kconfig HMAC version option for backwards compatability. Changelog v1: - squash "hmac version setting" Changelog v0: - add missing Kconfig depends (Mimi) Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2013-01-16evm: remove unused cleanup functionsDmitry Kasatkin1-1/+0
EVM cannot be built as a kernel module. Remove the unncessary __exit functions. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2011-11-09evm: digital signature verification supportDmitry Kasatkin1-0/+12
This patch adds support for digital signature verification to EVM. With this feature file metadata can be protected using digital signature instead of an HMAC. When building an image, which has to be flashed to different devices, an HMAC cannot be used to sign file metadata, because the HMAC key should be different on every device. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Acked-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2011-07-18evm: crypto hash replaced by shashDmitry Kasatkin1-0/+2
Using shash is more efficient, because the algorithm is allocated only once. Only the descriptor to store the hash state needs to be allocated for every operation. Changelog v6: - check for crypto_shash_setkey failure Signed-off-by: Dmitry Kasatkin <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2011-07-18evm: add evm_inode_init_security to initialize new filesMimi Zohar1-0/+3
Initialize 'security.evm' for new files. Changelog v7: - renamed evm_inode_post_init_security to evm_inode_init_security - moved struct xattr definition to earlier patch - allocate xattr name Changelog v6: - Use 'struct evm_ima_xattr_data' Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2011-07-18evm: re-releaseMimi Zohar1-0/+33
EVM protects a file's security extended attributes(xattrs) against integrity attacks. This patchset provides the framework and an initial method. The initial method maintains an HMAC-sha1 value across the security extended attributes, storing the HMAC value as the extended attribute 'security.evm'. Other methods of validating the integrity of a file's metadata will be posted separately (eg. EVM-digital-signatures). While this patchset does authenticate the security xattrs, and cryptographically binds them to the inode, coming extensions will bind other directory and inode metadata for more complete protection. To help simplify the review and upstreaming process, each extension will be posted separately (eg. IMA-appraisal, IMA-appraisal-directory). For a general overview of the proposed Linux integrity subsystem, refer to Dave Safford's whitepaper: EVM depends on the Kernel Key Retention System to provide it with a trusted/encrypted key for the HMAC-sha1 operation. The key is loaded onto the root's keyring using keyctl. Until EVM receives notification that the key has been successfully loaded onto the keyring (echo 1 > <securityfs>/evm), EVM can not create or validate the 'security.evm' xattr, but returns INTEGRITY_UNKNOWN. Loading the key and signaling EVM should be done as early as possible. Normally this is done in the initramfs, which has already been measured as part of the trusted boot. For more information on creating and loading existing trusted/encrypted keys, refer to Documentation/keys-trusted-encrypted.txt. A sample dracut patch, which loads the trusted/encrypted key and enables EVM, is available from Based on the LSMs enabled, the set of EVM protected security xattrs is defined at compile. EVM adds the following three calls to the existing security hooks: evm_inode_setxattr(), evm_inode_post_setxattr(), and evm_inode_removexattr. To initialize and update the 'security.evm' extended attribute, EVM defines three calls: evm_inode_post_init(), evm_inode_post_setattr() and evm_inode_post_removexattr() hooks. To verify the integrity of a security xattr, EVM exports evm_verifyxattr(). Changelog v7: - Fixed URL in EVM ABI documentation Changelog v6: (based on Serge Hallyn's review) - fix URL in patch description - remove evm_hmac_size definition - use SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE (removed both MAX_DIGEST_SIZE and evm_hmac_size) - moved linux include before other includes - test for crypto_hash_setkey failure - fail earlier for invalid key - clear entire encrypted key, even on failure - check xattr name length before comparing xattr names Changelog: - locking based on i_mutex, remove evm_mutex - using trusted/encrypted keys for storing the EVM key used in the HMAC-sha1 operation. - replaced crypto hash with shash (Dmitry Kasatkin) - support for additional methods of verifying the security xattrs (Dmitry Kasatkin) - iint not allocated for all regular files, but only for those appraised - Use cap_sys_admin in lieu of cap_mac_admin - Use __vfs_setxattr_noperm(), without permission checks, from EVM Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <>