From b1b5f65e53af770ede22c113e249de2f6fa53706 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Phil Carmody
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2011 16:34:15 -0700
Subject: calibrate: retry with wider bounds when converge seems to fail
Systems with unmaskable interrupts such as SMIs may massively
underestimate loops_per_jiffy, and fail to converge anywhere near the real
value. A case seen on x86_64 was an initial estimate of 256<<12, which
converged to 511<<12 where the real value should have been over 630<<12.
This admitedly requires bypassing the TSC calibration (lpj_fine), and a
failure to settle in the direct calibration too, but is physically
possible. This failure does not depend on my previous calibration
optimisation, but by luck is easy to fix with the optimisation in place
with a trivial retry loop.
In the context of the optimised converging method, as we can no longer
trust the starting estimate, enlarge the search bounds exponentially so
that the number of retries is logarithmically bounded.
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: mention x86_64 SMIs in comment]
Signed-off-by: Phil Carmody
Cc: Ingo Molnar
Cc: Thomas Gleixner
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin"
Tested-by: Stephen Boyd
Cc: Greg KH
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds
---
init/calibrate.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
(limited to 'init/calibrate.c')
diff --git a/init/calibrate.c b/init/calibrate.c
index f9000dfbe227..76ac9194cbc4 100644
--- a/init/calibrate.c
+++ b/init/calibrate.c
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ static unsigned long __cpuinit calibrate_delay_direct(void) {return 0;}
static unsigned long __cpuinit calibrate_delay_converge(void)
{
/* First stage - slowly accelerate to find initial bounds */
- unsigned long lpj, ticks, loopadd, chop_limit;
+ unsigned long lpj, lpj_base, ticks, loopadd, loopadd_base, chop_limit;
int trials = 0, band = 0, trial_in_band = 0;
lpj = (1<<12);
@@ -146,14 +146,18 @@ static unsigned long __cpuinit calibrate_delay_converge(void)
* the largest likely undershoot. This defines our chop bounds.
*/
trials -= band;
- loopadd = lpj * band;
- lpj *= trials;
- chop_limit = lpj >> (LPS_PREC + 1);
+ loopadd_base = lpj * band;
+ lpj_base = lpj * trials;
+
+recalibrate:
+ lpj = lpj_base;
+ loopadd = loopadd_base;
/*
* Do a binary approximation to get lpj set to
* equal one clock (up to LPS_PREC bits)
*/
+ chop_limit = lpj >> LPS_PREC;
while (loopadd > chop_limit) {
lpj += loopadd;
ticks = jiffies;
@@ -165,6 +169,16 @@ static unsigned long __cpuinit calibrate_delay_converge(void)
lpj -= loopadd;
loopadd >>= 1;
}
+ /*
+ * If we incremented every single time possible, presume we've
+ * massively underestimated initially, and retry with a higher
+ * start, and larger range. (Only seen on x86_64, due to SMIs)
+ */
+ if (lpj + loopadd * 2 == lpj_base + loopadd_base * 2) {
+ lpj_base = lpj;
+ loopadd_base <<= 2;
+ goto recalibrate;
+ }
return lpj;
}
--
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