menu "Kernel hacking"
bool "Export kernel pagetable layout to userspace via debugfs"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
Say Y here if you want to show the kernel pagetable layout in a
debugfs file. This information is only useful for kernel developers
who are working in architecture specific areas of the kernel.
It is probably not a good idea to enable this feature in a production
If in doubt, say "N"
bool "Filter access to /dev/mem"
depends on MMU
If this option is disabled, you allow userspace (root) access to all
of memory, including kernel and userspace memory. Accidental
access to this is obviously disastrous, but specific access can
be used by people debugging the kernel.
If this option is switched on, the /dev/mem file only allows
userspace access to memory mapped peripherals.
If in doubt, say Y.
bool "Write the current PID to the CONTEXTIDR register"
Enabling this option causes the kernel to write the current PID to
the CONTEXTIDR register, at the expense of some additional
instructions during context switch. Say Y here only if you are
planning to use hardware trace tools with this kernel.
bool "Randomize TEXT_OFFSET at build time"
Say Y here if you want the image load offset (AKA TEXT_OFFSET)
of the kernel to be randomized at build-time. When selected,
this option will cause TEXT_OFFSET to be randomized upon any
build of the kernel, and the offset will be reflected in the
text_offset field of the resulting Image. This can be used to
fuzz-test bootloaders which respect text_offset.
This option is intended for bootloader and/or kernel testing
only. Bootloaders must make no assumptions regarding the value
of TEXT_OFFSET and platforms must not require a specific
bool "Set loadable kernel module data as NX and text as RO"
depends on MODULES
This option helps catch unintended modifications to loadable
kernel module's text and read-only data. It also prevents execution
of module data. Such protection may interfere with run-time code
patching and dynamic kernel tracing - and they might also protect
against certain classes of kernel exploits.
If in doubt, say "N".
bool "Make kernel text and rodata read-only"
If this is set, kernel text and rodata will be made read-only. This
is to help catch accidental or malicious attempts to change the
kernel's executable code. Additionally splits rodata from kernel
text so it can be made explicitly non-executable.
If in doubt, say Y
depends on DEBUG_RODATA && !ARM64_64K_PAGES
bool "Align linker sections up to SECTION_SIZE"
If this option is enabled, sections that may potentially be marked as
read only or non-executable will be aligned up to the section size of
the kernel. This prevents sections from being split into pages and
avoids a potential TLB penalty. The downside is an increase in
alignment and potentially wasted space. Turn on this option if
performance is more important than memory pressure.
If in doubt, say N