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/*
 * auxtrace.h: AUX area trace support
 * Copyright (c) 2013-2015, Intel Corporation.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
 * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 */

#ifndef __PERF_AUXTRACE_H
#define __PERF_AUXTRACE_H

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

#include "../perf.h"
#include "event.h"
#include "session.h"
#include "debug.h"

union perf_event;
struct perf_session;
struct perf_evlist;
struct perf_tool;
struct option;
struct record_opts;
struct auxtrace_info_event;
struct events_stats;

enum auxtrace_type {
	PERF_AUXTRACE_UNKNOWN,
};

enum itrace_period_type {
	PERF_ITRACE_PERIOD_INSTRUCTIONS,
	PERF_ITRACE_PERIOD_TICKS,
	PERF_ITRACE_PERIOD_NANOSECS,
};

/**
 * struct itrace_synth_opts - AUX area tracing synthesis options.
 * @set: indicates whether or not options have been set
 * @inject: indicates the event (not just the sample) must be fully synthesized
 *          because 'perf inject' will write it out
 * @instructions: whether to synthesize 'instructions' events
 * @branches: whether to synthesize 'branches' events
 * @errors: whether to synthesize decoder error events
 * @dont_decode: whether to skip decoding entirely
 * @log: write a decoding log
 * @calls: limit branch samples to calls (can be combined with @returns)
 * @returns: limit branch samples to returns (can be combined with @calls)
 * @callchain: add callchain to 'instructions' events
 * @callchain_sz: maximum callchain size
 * @period: 'instructions' events period
 * @period_type: 'instructions' events period type
 */
struct itrace_synth_opts {
	bool			set;
	bool			inject;
	bool			instructions;
	bool			branches;
	bool			errors;
	bool			dont_decode;
	bool			log;
	bool			calls;
	bool			returns;
	bool			callchain;
	unsigned int		callchain_sz;
	unsigned long long	period;
	enum itrace_period_type	period_type;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_index_entry - indexes a AUX area tracing event within a
 *                               perf.data file.
 * @file_offset: offset within the perf.data file
 * @sz: size of the event
 */
struct auxtrace_index_entry {
	u64			file_offset;
	u64			sz;
};

#define PERF_AUXTRACE_INDEX_ENTRY_COUNT 256

/**
 * struct auxtrace_index - index of AUX area tracing events within a perf.data
 *                         file.
 * @list: linking a number of arrays of entries
 * @nr: number of entries
 * @entries: array of entries
 */
struct auxtrace_index {
	struct list_head	list;
	size_t			nr;
	struct auxtrace_index_entry entries[PERF_AUXTRACE_INDEX_ENTRY_COUNT];
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace - session callbacks to allow AUX area data decoding.
 * @process_event: lets the decoder see all session events
 * @flush_events: process any remaining data
 * @free_events: free resources associated with event processing
 * @free: free resources associated with the session
 */
struct auxtrace {
	int (*process_event)(struct perf_session *session,
			     union perf_event *event,
			     struct perf_sample *sample,
			     struct perf_tool *tool);
	int (*process_auxtrace_event)(struct perf_session *session,
				      union perf_event *event,
				      struct perf_tool *tool);
	int (*flush_events)(struct perf_session *session,
			    struct perf_tool *tool);
	void (*free_events)(struct perf_session *session);
	void (*free)(struct perf_session *session);
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_buffer - a buffer containing AUX area tracing data.
 * @list: buffers are queued in a list held by struct auxtrace_queue
 * @size: size of the buffer in bytes
 * @pid: in per-thread mode, the pid this buffer is associated with
 * @tid: in per-thread mode, the tid this buffer is associated with
 * @cpu: in per-cpu mode, the cpu this buffer is associated with
 * @data: actual buffer data (can be null if the data has not been loaded)
 * @data_offset: file offset at which the buffer can be read
 * @mmap_addr: mmap address at which the buffer can be read
 * @mmap_size: size of the mmap at @mmap_addr
 * @data_needs_freeing: @data was malloc'd so free it when it is no longer
 *                      needed
 * @consecutive: the original data was split up and this buffer is consecutive
 *               to the previous buffer
 * @offset: offset as determined by aux_head / aux_tail members of struct
 *          perf_event_mmap_page
 * @reference: an implementation-specific reference determined when the data is
 *             recorded
 * @buffer_nr: used to number each buffer
 * @use_size: implementation actually only uses this number of bytes
 * @use_data: implementation actually only uses data starting at this address
 */
struct auxtrace_buffer {
	struct list_head	list;
	size_t			size;
	pid_t			pid;
	pid_t			tid;
	int			cpu;
	void			*data;
	off_t			data_offset;
	void			*mmap_addr;
	size_t			mmap_size;
	bool			data_needs_freeing;
	bool			consecutive;
	u64			offset;
	u64			reference;
	u64			buffer_nr;
	size_t			use_size;
	void			*use_data;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_queue - a queue of AUX area tracing data buffers.
 * @head: head of buffer list
 * @tid: in per-thread mode, the tid this queue is associated with
 * @cpu: in per-cpu mode, the cpu this queue is associated with
 * @set: %true once this queue has been dedicated to a specific thread or cpu
 * @priv: implementation-specific data
 */
struct auxtrace_queue {
	struct list_head	head;
	pid_t			tid;
	int			cpu;
	bool			set;
	void			*priv;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_queues - an array of AUX area tracing queues.
 * @queue_array: array of queues
 * @nr_queues: number of queues
 * @new_data: set whenever new data is queued
 * @populated: queues have been fully populated using the auxtrace_index
 * @next_buffer_nr: used to number each buffer
 */
struct auxtrace_queues {
	struct auxtrace_queue	*queue_array;
	unsigned int		nr_queues;
	bool			new_data;
	bool			populated;
	u64			next_buffer_nr;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_heap_item - element of struct auxtrace_heap.
 * @queue_nr: queue number
 * @ordinal: value used for sorting (lowest ordinal is top of the heap) expected
 *           to be a timestamp
 */
struct auxtrace_heap_item {
	unsigned int		queue_nr;
	u64			ordinal;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_heap - a heap suitable for sorting AUX area tracing queues.
 * @heap_array: the heap
 * @heap_cnt: the number of elements in the heap
 * @heap_sz: maximum number of elements (grows as needed)
 */
struct auxtrace_heap {
	struct auxtrace_heap_item	*heap_array;
	unsigned int		heap_cnt;
	unsigned int		heap_sz;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_mmap - records an mmap of the auxtrace buffer.
 * @base: address of mapped area
 * @userpg: pointer to buffer's perf_event_mmap_page
 * @mask: %0 if @len is not a power of two, otherwise (@len - %1)
 * @len: size of mapped area
 * @prev: previous aux_head
 * @idx: index of this mmap
 * @tid: tid for a per-thread mmap (also set if there is only 1 tid on a per-cpu
 *       mmap) otherwise %0
 * @cpu: cpu number for a per-cpu mmap otherwise %-1
 */
struct auxtrace_mmap {
	void		*base;
	void		*userpg;
	size_t		mask;
	size_t		len;
	u64		prev;
	int		idx;
	pid_t		tid;
	int		cpu;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_mmap_params - parameters to set up struct auxtrace_mmap.
 * @mask: %0 if @len is not a power of two, otherwise (@len - %1)
 * @offset: file offset of mapped area
 * @len: size of mapped area
 * @prot: mmap memory protection
 * @idx: index of this mmap
 * @tid: tid for a per-thread mmap (also set if there is only 1 tid on a per-cpu
 *       mmap) otherwise %0
 * @cpu: cpu number for a per-cpu mmap otherwise %-1
 */
struct auxtrace_mmap_params {
	size_t		mask;
	off_t		offset;
	size_t		len;
	int		prot;
	int		idx;
	pid_t		tid;
	int		cpu;
};

/**
 * struct auxtrace_record - callbacks for recording AUX area data.
 * @recording_options: validate and process recording options
 * @info_priv_size: return the size of the private data in auxtrace_info_event
 * @info_fill: fill-in the private data in auxtrace_info_event
 * @free: free this auxtrace record structure
 * @reference: provide a 64-bit reference number for auxtrace_event
 * @read_finish: called after reading from an auxtrace mmap
 */
struct auxtrace_record {
	int (*recording_options)(struct auxtrace_record *itr,
				 struct perf_evlist *evlist,
				 struct record_opts *opts);
	size_t (*info_priv_size)(struct auxtrace_record *itr);
	int (*info_fill)(struct auxtrace_record *itr,
			 struct perf_session *session,
			 struct auxtrace_info_event *auxtrace_info,
			 size_t priv_size);
	void (*free)(struct auxtrace_record *itr);
	u64 (*reference)(struct auxtrace_record *itr);
	int (*read_finish)(struct auxtrace_record *itr, int idx);
};

#ifdef HAVE_AUXTRACE_SUPPORT

static inline u64 auxtrace_mmap__read_head(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm)
{
	struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = mm->userpg;
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 || !defined(HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_SUPPORT)
	u64 head = ACCESS_ONCE(pc->aux_head);
#else
	u64 head = __sync_val_compare_and_swap(&pc->aux_head, 0, 0);
#endif

	/* Ensure all reads are done after we read the head */
	rmb();
	return head;
}

static inline void auxtrace_mmap__write_tail(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm, u64 tail)
{
	struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = mm->userpg;
#if BITS_PER_LONG != 64 && defined(HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_SUPPORT)
	u64 old_tail;
#endif

	/* Ensure all reads are done before we write the tail out */
	mb();
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 || !defined(HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_SUPPORT)
	pc->aux_tail = tail;
#else
	do {
		old_tail = __sync_val_compare_and_swap(&pc->aux_tail, 0, 0);
	} while (!__sync_bool_compare_and_swap(&pc->aux_tail, old_tail, tail));
#endif
}

int auxtrace_mmap__mmap(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm,
			struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
			void *userpg, int fd);
void auxtrace_mmap__munmap(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm);
void auxtrace_mmap_params__init(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
				off_t auxtrace_offset,
				unsigned int auxtrace_pages,
				bool auxtrace_overwrite);
void auxtrace_mmap_params__set_idx(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
				   struct perf_evlist *evlist, int idx,
				   bool per_cpu);

typedef int (*process_auxtrace_t)(struct perf_tool *tool,
				  union perf_event *event, void *data1,
				  size_t len1, void *data2, size_t len2);

int auxtrace_mmap__read(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm, struct auxtrace_record *itr,
			struct perf_tool *tool, process_auxtrace_t fn);

int auxtrace_queues__init(struct auxtrace_queues *queues);
int auxtrace_queues__add_event(struct auxtrace_queues *queues,
			       struct perf_session *session,
			       union perf_event *event, off_t data_offset,
			       struct auxtrace_buffer **buffer_ptr);
void auxtrace_queues__free(struct auxtrace_queues *queues);
int auxtrace_queues__process_index(struct auxtrace_queues *queues,
				   struct perf_session *session);
struct auxtrace_buffer *auxtrace_buffer__next(struct auxtrace_queue *queue,
					      struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer);
void *auxtrace_buffer__get_data(struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer, int fd);
void auxtrace_buffer__put_data(struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer);
void auxtrace_buffer__drop_data(struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer);
void auxtrace_buffer__free(struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer);

int auxtrace_heap__add(struct auxtrace_heap *heap, unsigned int queue_nr,
		       u64 ordinal);
void auxtrace_heap__pop(struct auxtrace_heap *heap);
void auxtrace_heap__free(struct auxtrace_heap *heap);

struct auxtrace_cache_entry {
	struct hlist_node hash;
	u32 key;
};

struct auxtrace_cache *auxtrace_cache__new(unsigned int bits, size_t entry_size,
					   unsigned int limit_percent);
void auxtrace_cache__free(struct auxtrace_cache *auxtrace_cache);
void *auxtrace_cache__alloc_entry(struct auxtrace_cache *c);
void auxtrace_cache__free_entry(struct auxtrace_cache *c, void *entry);
int auxtrace_cache__add(struct auxtrace_cache *c, u32 key,
			struct auxtrace_cache_entry *entry);
void *auxtrace_cache__lookup(struct auxtrace_cache *c, u32 key);

struct auxtrace_record *auxtrace_record__init(struct perf_evlist *evlist,
					      int *err);

int auxtrace_record__options(struct auxtrace_record *itr,
			     struct perf_evlist *evlist,
			     struct record_opts *opts);
size_t auxtrace_record__info_priv_size(struct auxtrace_record *itr);
int auxtrace_record__info_fill(struct auxtrace_record *itr,
			       struct perf_session *session,
			       struct auxtrace_info_event *auxtrace_info,
			       size_t priv_size);
void auxtrace_record__free(struct auxtrace_record *itr);
u64 auxtrace_record__reference(struct auxtrace_record *itr);

int auxtrace_index__auxtrace_event(struct list_head *head, union perf_event *event,
				   off_t file_offset);
int auxtrace_index__write(int fd, struct list_head *head);
int auxtrace_index__process(int fd, u64 size, struct perf_session *session,
			    bool needs_swap);
void auxtrace_index__free(struct list_head *head);

void auxtrace_synth_error(struct auxtrace_error_event *auxtrace_error, int type,
			  int code, int cpu, pid_t pid, pid_t tid, u64 ip,
			  const char *msg);

int perf_event__synthesize_auxtrace_info(struct auxtrace_record *itr,
					 struct perf_tool *tool,
					 struct perf_session *session,
					 perf_event__handler_t process);
int perf_event__process_auxtrace_info(struct perf_tool *tool,
				      union perf_event *event,
				      struct perf_session *session);
s64 perf_event__process_auxtrace(struct perf_tool *tool,
				 union perf_event *event,
				 struct perf_session *session);
int perf_event__process_auxtrace_error(struct perf_tool *tool,
				       union perf_event *event,
				       struct perf_session *session);
int itrace_parse_synth_opts(const struct option *opt, const char *str,
			    int unset);
void itrace_synth_opts__set_default(struct itrace_synth_opts *synth_opts);

size_t perf_event__fprintf_auxtrace_error(union perf_event *event, FILE *fp);
void perf_session__auxtrace_error_inc(struct perf_session *session,
				      union perf_event *event);
void events_stats__auxtrace_error_warn(const struct events_stats *stats);

static inline int auxtrace__process_event(struct perf_session *session,
					  union perf_event *event,
					  struct perf_sample *sample,
					  struct perf_tool *tool)
{
	if (!session->auxtrace)
		return 0;

	return session->auxtrace->process_event(session, event, sample, tool);
}

static inline int auxtrace__flush_events(struct perf_session *session,
					 struct perf_tool *tool)
{
	if (!session->auxtrace)
		return 0;

	return session->auxtrace->flush_events(session, tool);
}

static inline void auxtrace__free_events(struct perf_session *session)
{
	if (!session->auxtrace)
		return;

	return session->auxtrace->free_events(session);
}

static inline void auxtrace__free(struct perf_session *session)
{
	if (!session->auxtrace)
		return;

	return session->auxtrace->free(session);
}

#else

static inline struct auxtrace_record *
auxtrace_record__init(struct perf_evlist *evlist __maybe_unused,
		      int *err __maybe_unused)
{
	*err = 0;
	return NULL;
}

static inline
void auxtrace_record__free(struct auxtrace_record *itr __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline int
perf_event__synthesize_auxtrace_info(struct auxtrace_record *itr __maybe_unused,
				     struct perf_tool *tool __maybe_unused,
				     struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
				     perf_event__handler_t process __maybe_unused)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline
int auxtrace_record__options(struct auxtrace_record *itr __maybe_unused,
			     struct perf_evlist *evlist __maybe_unused,
			     struct record_opts *opts __maybe_unused)
{
	return 0;
}

#define perf_event__process_auxtrace_info		0
#define perf_event__process_auxtrace			0
#define perf_event__process_auxtrace_error		0

static inline
void perf_session__auxtrace_error_inc(struct perf_session *session
				      __maybe_unused,
				      union perf_event *event
				      __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline
void events_stats__auxtrace_error_warn(const struct events_stats *stats
				       __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline
int itrace_parse_synth_opts(const struct option *opt __maybe_unused,
			    const char *str __maybe_unused,
			    int unset __maybe_unused)
{
	pr_err("AUX area tracing not supported\n");
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline
int auxtrace__process_event(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
			    union perf_event *event __maybe_unused,
			    struct perf_sample *sample __maybe_unused,
			    struct perf_tool *tool __maybe_unused)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline
int auxtrace__flush_events(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
			   struct perf_tool *tool __maybe_unused)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline
void auxtrace__free_events(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline
void auxtrace_cache__free(struct auxtrace_cache *auxtrace_cache __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline
void auxtrace__free(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused)
{
}

static inline
int auxtrace_index__write(int fd __maybe_unused,
			  struct list_head *head __maybe_unused)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline
int auxtrace_index__process(int fd __maybe_unused,
			    u64 size __maybe_unused,
			    struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
			    bool needs_swap __maybe_unused)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline
void auxtrace_index__free(struct list_head *head __maybe_unused)
{
}

int auxtrace_mmap__mmap(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm,
			struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
			void *userpg, int fd);
void auxtrace_mmap__munmap(struct auxtrace_mmap *mm);
void auxtrace_mmap_params__init(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
				off_t auxtrace_offset,
				unsigned int auxtrace_pages,
				bool auxtrace_overwrite);
void auxtrace_mmap_params__set_idx(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp,
				   struct perf_evlist *evlist, int idx,
				   bool per_cpu);

#endif

#endif